Olivieri History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The distinguished surname Olivieri can be traced back to the ancient and beautiful region of Venice. Although people were originally known only by a single name, it became necessary for people to adopt a second name to identify themselves as populations grew and travel became more frequent. The process of adopting fixed hereditary surnames was not complete until the modern era, but the use of hereditary family names in Italy began in the 10th and 11th centuries. Italian hereditary surnames were developed according to fairly general principles and they were characterized by a profusion of derivatives coined from given names. The most common type of family name found in the region of Venice is the patronymic surname, which is derived from the father's given name. During the Middle Ages, Italians adopted the patronymic system of name-making because it perfectly complemented the prevailing Feudal System. In Italy the popularity of patronymic type of surname is also due to the fact that during the Christian era, people often named their children after saints and biblical figures. The surname Olivieri came from the given name Olivero, which is further derived from the Latin words olivarius and olivo, which mean olive.
Early Origins of the Olivieri family
The surname Olivieri was first found in Bolgna (Latin: Bononia), the largest city and the capital of Emilia-Romagna Region. From the Olivieri lineage in this city came many prominent individuals, such as an Oliviero, documented as Cardinal of S.R. Chiesa in 1436.
Early History of the Olivieri family
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Olivieri Spelling Variations
Italian surnames come in far more variations than the names of most other nationalities. Regional traditions and dialects are a decisive factor in this characteristic. For example, northern names tend to end in "o", while southern in "i". Also important, but not unique to Italy, was the fact that before dictionaries and the printing press most scribes simply spelled words according to their sounds. The predictable result was an enormous number of spelling variations. The recorded spellings of Olivieri include Olivieri, Oliviero, Olivier, Oliveri, Olivero, Oliverio, Oliver, Ulivieri, Livieri, Liviero, Liverani, Vieri, Viero, Vier, Vierin and many more.
Early Notables of the Olivieri family (pre 1700)
Prominent among members of the family was Alessandro Oliverio, (1500-1544), born in Bergamo, a famous painter and follower of Palma Vecchio. Pietro Oliveri was President of the Court in Palermo in 1675; Michele Oliveri was the first Duke of Aquaviva, and held the position in 1686; the Oliveri family from Messina was officially...
In the United States, the name Olivieri is the 12,758th most popular surname with an estimated 2,487 people with that name.  However, in France, the name Olivieri is ranked the 6,417th most popular surname with an estimated 1,000 - 1,500 people with that name. 
Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Olivieri were
Olivieri Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
Olivieri Settlers in United States in the 20th Century