Show ContentsMathias History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The German surname Mathias emerged in the lands that formed the powerful German state of Prussia, which at one time was an immense territory that stretched from France and the Low Countries to the Baltic sea and Poland. After the fall of the Roman Empire, the German territories were inhabited by a variety of barbarian tribes. The borders of the barbarian kingdoms changed frequently, but the region that became known as Prussia was roughly divided between the areas of Brandenburg-Prussia, West Prussia, and East Prussia. By the 19th century, Brandenburg-Prussia had incorporated East Prussia, West Prussia and many other German territories. Moreover, in the late 19th century, it led the German states in the unification of Germany.

Early Origins of the Mathias family

The surname Mathias was first found in Prussia, where the family contributed greatly to the development of an emerging nation, and would later play a large role in the tribal and national conflicts of the area. The name stems from two sources which were continually mixed up throughout the Middle Ages, so they can no longer be differentiated: one was Matthaeus the Evangelist, who was patron saint of tax collectors, and the other was Mattias (Hebrew for "gift of the gods",) who was one of the twelve Apostles. In later years the name branched into many houses, each playing a significant role in local social and political affairs.

Early History of the Mathias family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Mathias research. Another 146 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1727, 1710, 1558, 1504, 1565, 1681, 1764, 1681, 1764, 1761, 1831, 1809 and 1811 are included under the topic Early Mathias History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Mathias Spelling Variations

In the medieval era, many different cultural groups lived in the German states. There are thus many regional variations of German surnames from that era. Westphalians spoke Low German, which is similar to modern Dutch. Many German names carry suffixes that identify where they came from. Others have phrases attached that identify something about the original bearer. Other variations in German names resulted from the fact that medieval scribes worked without the aid of any spelling rules. The spelling variations of the name Mathias include Mathias, Matthias, Mathius, Matthius, Matheus, Mathesius, Matheson, Matthisson, Mathies, Mathiessen, Thiessen and many more.

Early Notables of the Mathias family (pre 1700)

Notable figures of the time with the name Mathias were Johannes Mathesius (1504-1565), who was a friend and disciple of Martin Luther. He is the author of the first biography of Luther, and himself wrote hymns and sermons. Johann Mattheson (1681-1764) was a musician and translator and produced the first German imitation of "The Spectator."...
Another 54 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Mathias Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Mathias Ranking

In the United States, the name Mathias is the 4,264th most popular surname with an estimated 7,461 people with that name. [1] However, in France, the name Mathias is ranked the 1,698th most popular surname with an estimated 3,562 people with that name. [2]

United States Mathias migration to the United States +

Prussia played an extremely influential role in shaping modern German history. It remained a part of Germany until after the Second World War. Prussia was divided among the Soviet Union, Poland, East Germany and West Germany. Many Prussians became residents of these new countries after the War, and many migrated to other parts of Germany or Europe, as well as to North America. In the United States, the majority of settlers landed in Philadelphia, and moved on to Ohio, Texas, Illinois, California, New York, and Maryland. Many German settlers also migrated to Canada, particularly to Ontario and the Prairies. Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Mathias were

Mathias Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Mathew Mathias, who landed in Virginia in 1651 [3]
Mathias Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Margaret Mathias, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1701 [3]
  • Georg Mathias, who arrived in New York in 1710
  • Henrich Mathias, who landed in New York, NY in 1710 [3]
  • Gosber Mathias, aged 26, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1741 [3]
  • Dudrick Mathias, aged 23, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1748 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Mathias Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Jose Mathias, aged 30, who landed in New Orleans, La in 1838 [3]
  • Karl Mathias, aged 31, who arrived in America in 1839 [3]
  • Johanna Mathias, aged 36, who landed in America in 1839 [3]
  • Gottlieb Mathias, aged 61, who arrived in America in 1840 [3]
  • Peter Mathias, who landed in Somerset County, Pennsylvania in 1848 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia Mathias migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Mathias Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. George Mathias, Welsh convict who was convicted in Carmarthen, Carmarthenshire, Wales for 7 years, transported aboard the "Burrell" on 22nd July 1830, arriving in New South Wales [4]
  • Octavius Mathias, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Duke Of Bronte" in 1849 [5]

Contemporary Notables of the name Mathias (post 1700) +

  • Anna Mathias, American actress, known for her roles in Rain Man (1988), Beverly Hills Ninja (1997) and The Vest (2003)
  • Aaron Joseph Mathias, American actor, known for Things I Don't Understand (2012), Awoken (2011) and Don't Drink Poison (2008)
  • Sidney Mathias, former Republican member of the Illinois House of Representatives (1999-2013)
  • Carl Lynwood Mathias (b. 1936), American former Major League Baseball pitcher who played from 1960 to 1961
  • Mildred Esther Mathias (1906-1995), American award-winning botanist
  • Merritt Elizabeth Mathias (b. 1990), American soccer forward currently playing for Seattle Reign FC
  • Jim Mathias (b. 1951), American politician, Member of the Maryland Senate (2011-)
  • Clarence E. Mathias (1876-1935), American Sergeant Major serving in the United States Marine Corps during the Boxer Rebellion, awarded the Medal of Honor for bravery
  • Charles McCurdy "Mac" Mathias Jr. (1922-2010), American politician, Senior Senator from Maryland at the U.S. Senate from 1969, Chairman of the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration (1981-1987)
  • Robert Mathias (b. 1930), American gold medalist in the Decathlon event of the Olympics in 1948 and 1952, Personal Representative for President Eisenhower at the Olympics in Melbourne, 1956
  • ... (Another 9 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Suggested Readings for the name Mathias +

  • The Mathias Family of Hardy County, Virginia and West Virginia by George R. Griffiths.

  1. "What are the 5,000 Most Common Last Names in the U.S.?".,
  3. Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 5th November 2020). Retrieved from
  5. State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The DUKE OF BRONTE 1849. Retrieved from on Facebook