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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: English, German, Jewish


The illustrious surname Marx finds its origin in the rocky, sea swept coastal area of southwestern England known as Cornwall. Although surnames were fairly widespread in medieval England, people were originally known only by a single name. The process by which hereditary surnames were adopted is extremely interesting. As populations grew, people began to assume an extra name to avoid confusion and to further identify themselves. Under the Feudal System of government, surnames evolved and they often reflected life on the manor and in the field. Lords and their tenants often became known by the name of the feudal territory they owned or lived on. Unlike most Celtic peoples, who favored patronymic names, the Cornish predominantly used local surnames. This was due to the heavy political and cultural influence of the English upon the Cornish People at the time that surnames first came into use. Local surnames were derived from where a person lived, held land, or was born. While many Cornish surnames of this sort appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames derived from lost or unrecorded place names. The name Marx is a local type of surname and the Marx family lived on a boundary between two districts. The surname Marx is a topographic surname, which was given to a person who resided near a physical feature. During the Middle Ages, as society became more complex, individuals needed a way to be distinguishable from others. Toponymic surnames were developed as a result of this need. Various features in the geography of the area were used to distinguish people from one another.

Marx Early Origins



The surname Marx was first found in Cornwall where they held a family seat from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.

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Marx Spelling Variations


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Marx Spelling Variations



Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Mark, Marks, Markes, Marke and others.

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Marx Early History


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Marx Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Marx research. Another 141 words (10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Marx History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Marx Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Marx Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Marx Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Marx In Ireland


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Marx In Ireland



Some of the Marx family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 222 words (16 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



An examination into the immigration and passenger lists has discovered a number of people bearing the name Marx:

Marx Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Matthew Marx, who emigrated to America in 1709
  • Wilhelm Marx came to Philadelphia in 1740
  • Wilhelm Marx, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1740
  • Joh Mich Marx, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1741
  • Joh Geo Marx, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1750
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Marx Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Peter Marx, who arrived in America in 1834
  • Charlotte Marx, aged 29, arrived in America in 1839
  • Maria Marx, who landed in Texas in 1840-1850
  • Jakob Marx, who arrived in America in 1844
  • Anna Margarete Marx emigrated to Texas in 1844
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Marx Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • Abe Marx, who arrived in Arkansas in 1906
  • Henry Marx, who landed in Arkansas in 1906

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Contemporary Notables of the name Marx (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Marx (post 1700)



  • Alexander Marx (1878-1953), American historian, bibliographer and librarian
  • Robert F. Marx (b. 1933), one of the pioneer American scuba divers
  • Brett Marx (b. 1964), American movie and television actor
  • Christy Marx (b. 1952), American writer and a photographer
  • Louis Marx (1896-1982), American toy maker and businessman
  • Gregg Marx (b. 1955), American actor
  • Patricia Marx, American humorist and writer
  • Samuel Marx (1902-1992), American film producer and screenwriter
  • Dick Marx (1924-1997), American jazz pianist and arranger
  • Jeff Marx (b. 1970), American composer and lyricist of musicals
  • ... (Another 33 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Marx Family Crest Products


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Marx Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
    2. Dunkling, Leslie. Dictionary of Surnames. Toronto: Collins, 1998. Print. (ISBN 0004720598).
    3. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
    4. Hitching, F.K and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601-1602. Walton On Thames: 1910. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0181-3).
    5. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds. Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
    6. Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
    7. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
    8. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    9. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
    10. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
    11. ...

    The Marx Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Marx Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 6 November 2015 at 10:32.

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