Marx History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The distinguished Austrian surname Marx is a proud sign of a rich and ancient ancestry. Austria, which was originally home to a Celtic people, was conquered by the Roman Empire in about 15 BC. Following the fall of Rome, Austria was repeatedly invaded by barbarian tribes, such as the Vandals, Visigoths, and Huns, who swept in from the east. During the 5th and 6th centuries, the Alemanni, Avars and Slavs settled Austria. The Avars were defeated in 785 by the Frankish emperor Charlemagne, who set up the East Mark, which later became known as the Österreich. Austria was ruled by the Babenburger dynasty until 1278, when they were succeeded by the Hapsburg dynasty, which ruled Austria until the 20th century.

Early Origins of the Marx family

The surname Marx was first found in Austria, where the name could be considered to have made a great contribution to the feudal society which became the backbone of modern Europe. The name became prominent in local affairs and branched into many houses which played important roles in the local and national conflicts, with each group seeking power and status in an ever changing territorial profile.

Early History of the Marx family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Marx research. Another 102 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1818, 1863, 1875, 1881, and 1883 are included under the topic Early Marx History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Marx Spelling Variations

One can encounter great variation in the spelling of surnames: in early times, spelling in general, and thus the spelling of names was not yet standardized; and later, spellings would change with branching and movement of families. Variations of the name Marx include Marx, Marks, Marcks, Markus, Marcus, Marxen and many more.

Early Notables of the Marx family (pre 1700)

During this period prominent bearers of the name Marx were Karl Heinrich Marx (1818-1883) of Trier, who was one of the most profoundly influential thinkers of...
Another 26 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Marx Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Marx migration to the United States +

After the First World War, Austria became a republic. The Treaty of Versailles broke up the empire in 1919 and many of the Sudeten Germans were incorporated into the new nation of Czechoslovakia. In the 20th century, many Austrians migrated to other parts of Germany or Europe, as well as to North America. In the United States, the majority of settlers landed in Philadelphia, and moved on to Ohio, Texas, Illinois, California, New York, and Maryland. Many German settlers also migrated to Canada, particularly Ontario and the Prairies. Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Marx were

Marx Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Matthew Marx, who immigrated to America in 1709
  • Wilhelm Marx, who settled in Philadelphia in 1740
  • Wilhelm Marx, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1740 [1]
  • Joh Mich Marx, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1741 [1]
  • Joh Geo Marx, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1750 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Marx Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Peter Marx, who arrived in America in 1834 [1]
  • Charlotte Marx, aged 29, who arrived in America in 1839 [1]
  • Maria Marx, who landed in Texas in 1840-1850 [1]
  • Jakob Marx, who arrived in America in 1844 [1]
  • Anna Margarete Marx, who immigrated to Texas in 1844
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Marx Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Abe Marx, who arrived in Arkansas in 1906 [1]
  • Henry Marx, who landed in Arkansas in 1906 [1]

Contemporary Notables of the name Marx (post 1700) +

  • Julius Henry "Groucho" Marx (1890-1977), legendary American comedian and film star, one of the Marx Brothers
  • Arthur Adolph "Harpo" Marx (1888-1964), American comedian and film star, one of the Marx Brothers
  • Leonard "Chico" Marx (1887-1961), American comedian and film star, one of the Marx Brothers
  • Herbert Manfred "Zeppo" Marx (1901-1979), American film star, theatrical agent and businessman, one of the Marx Brothers
  • Robert F. Marx (1936-2019), American pioneer in scuba diving and was best known for his work with shipwrecks and sunken treasure
  • Miriam Marx (1927-2017), American author, daughter of Groucho Marx
  • Alexander Marx (1878-1953), American historian, bibliographer and librarian
  • Brett Marx (b. 1964), American movie and television actor
  • Louis Marx (1896-1982), American toy maker and businessman
  • Christy Marx (b. 1952), American writer and a photographer
  • ... (Another 36 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Bismarck
  • Heinz Marx (1921-1941), German Mechanikersgefreiter (A) who served aboard the German Battleship Bismarck during World War II when it was sunk heading to France; he died in the sinking [2]


  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ Bismarck & Tirpitz Class - Crew List Bismarck. (Retrieved 2018, February 06). Retrieved from https://www.bismarck-class.dk/bismarck/crew/bismarck_crew.html#crew_details


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