Tuscany, including the notable surname Martello. During the Middle Ages, as populations grew and travel between regions became more frequent, the people of Tuscany, who were originally known only by a single name, found it necessary to adopt a second name to identify themselves and their families. This process of adopting fixed hereditary surnames in Italy began in the 10th and 11th centuries, but it was not completed until the modern era. The development of Italian hereditary surnames followed general principles and were characterized by derivatives from one's given name. The patronymic surname, which is derived from the father's given name, was one of the most common name types found in the region of Tuscany. This system of name-making was widely used because it linked well with the existing Feudal System and during the Christian era, many people named their children after saints and biblical figures. The surname Martello came from the Latin name Martinus, which is a derivative of Mars, who was the Roman god of fertility and war. The popularity of the name Martin is due to Saint Martin de Tours, who was one of the best known saints in the Western World. With the spread of Christianity, people named their children after saints in the hope that the children might enjoy that saint's patronage. Martin is also one of the few saints' names, other than the names of Old English saints, found in England before the Norman Conquest. The name Martelli is a diminutive of the name Martin, but it is also of occupational origin. The occupational name Martelli is derived from the Italian wordmartello meaning hammer, and it referred to a person who was a carpenter or one who worked with a hammer.
Early Origins of the Martello family
Early History of the Martello family
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Martello Spelling Variations
spelling variations in the name Martello include Martelli, Martello, Martiello, Martella, Martela, Martellini, Martellino, Martellina, Martellotti, Martellotto, Martellotta, Martelloni, Martellani and many more.
Early Notables of the Martello family (pre 1700)
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Migration of the Martello family to the New World and Oceana
Early records show that people bearing the name Martello arrived in North America quite early:
Martello Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
Martello Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
Contemporary Notables of the name Martello (post 1700)
Martello Family Crest Products