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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016

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Cornwall, one of the original six "Celtic nations" is the homeland to the surname Mark. A revival of the Cornish language which began in the 9th century AD has begun. No doubt this was the language spoken by distant forebears of the Mark family. Though surnames became common during medieval times, English people were formerly known only by a single name. The way in which hereditary surnames were adopted in medieval England is fascinating. Many Cornish surnames appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames. The name Mark is a local type of surname and the Mark family lived on a boundary between two districts. The surname Mark is a topographic surname, which was given to a person who resided near a physical feature. During the Middle Ages, as society became more complex, individuals needed a way to be distinguishable from others. Toponymic surnames were developed as a result of this need. Various features in the geography of the area were used to distinguish people from one another.

Mark Early Origins



The surname Mark was first found in Cornwall where they held a family seat from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.

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Mark Spelling Variations


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Mark Spelling Variations



Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Mark, Marks, Markes, Marke and others.

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Mark Early History


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Mark Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Mark research. Another 141 words (10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Mark History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Mark Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Mark Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Mark Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Mark In Ireland


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Mark In Ireland



Some of the Mark family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 222 words (16 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Mark were

Mark Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Andrew Mark settled in Virginia in 1654 along with Elizabeth and Sarah
  • Margaret Mark, who landed in Maryland in 1658

Mark Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Mathew Mark, who arrived in Virginia in 1717
  • Johan Diterig Mark, who came to Philadelphia in 1740
  • Michael Mark came to Philadelphia in 1741
  • Michael Mark, aged 45, landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1741
  • Conrad Mark, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1760
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Mark Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Samuel Mark, aged 34, landed in Louisiana in 1813
  • Adrian Rudolph Mark, aged 40, arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1823
  • Balthasar Mark went to Texas in 1845
  • Joseph Mark, who arrived in New York in 1845
  • Andrew Mark, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1848
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Mark Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Henry Mark, aged 18, a copper miner, arrived in South Australia in 1857 aboard the ship "Tantivy"

Mark Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • S Mark landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1844
  • Henry Mark arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Annie Wilson" in 1863
  • Fanny Mark arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Annie Wilson" in 1863
  • Edith A. Mark arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Annie Wilson" in 1863
  • James Mark, aged 40, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Schiehallion" in 1872
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Contemporary Notables of the name Mark (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Mark (post 1700)



  • Jack Van Mark, American Republican politician, Member of Wyoming State House of Representatives from Goshen County, 1965
  • Michael Mark (1886-1975), Russian-born American film actor who appeared in over 120 films
  • Michael Mark, American Drama Desk Award winning, Grammy Award nominated musician, composer, and actor
  • Herman Mark (1895-1992), Austrian-American chemist and winner of the 1979 Wolf Prize in Chemistry
  • Henry Van De Mark, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Seneca County, 1893
  • Allan W. Van De Mark, American Republican politician, Mayor of Lockport, New York, 1936-39; Delegate to Republican National Convention from New York, 1972
  • Michael Mark, Grenadian football defender for the Grenada national football team

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Mark Family Crest Products


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Mark Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
    2. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
    3. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
    4. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
    5. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
    6. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
    7. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
    8. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
    9. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    10. Bardsley, C.W. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6).
    11. ...

    The Mark Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Mark Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 18 August 2016 at 22:26.

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