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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2015

Where did the Scottish Lithgow family come from? What is the Scottish Lithgow family crest and coat of arms? When did the Lithgow family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Lithgow family history?

In the annals of Scottish history, few names go farther back than Lithgow, whose ancestors go back to the people of the Boernician tribe. The first family to use the name Lithgow lived in Linlithgow, located between Edinburgh and Falkirk. The place-name's origins are in the Gaelic: llyn meaning lake or pool, llaith meaning damp, and cau meaning hollow.

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Over the years, Lithgow has been written It appears under these variations because medieval scribes spelled names according to sound rather than by any over-arching set of rules. Lithgow, Lithgoe, Lithcow and others.

First found in Linlithgow, a Royal Burgh in West Lothian, Scotland. One of the earliest records of the name was Magister Symon de Lynlithcu who witnessed an instrument at the church of Cargil in 1225. A few years later in 1245, Petrus de Linlithqw was a canon of the priory of St. Andrews. His successor was Chief of the family name, son of John, and he was confirmed in his lands at Berwick on Tweed in 1280 and 1290. John de Lithcu rendered to Exchequer the account of his disbursements in connection with King Roberts I.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Lithgow research. Another 209 words(15 lines of text) covering the years 1220, 1220, 1500, 1582, 1645 and 1784 are included under the topic Early Lithgow History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 53 words(4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Lithgow Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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When these Boernician-Scottish settlers arrived in North America they brought little with them and often had restart their lives from scratch. Through time, much of their heritage was lost, and it is only this century through Clan societies and highland games that many have recovered their national heritage. Research into various historical records has revealed some of first members of the Lithgow family to immigrate North America:

Lithgow Settlers in United States in the 17th Century


  • Margaret Lithgow, who arrived in New Jersey in 1685

Lithgow Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • Robert Lithgow, who landed in New England in 1719
  • Alexander Lithgow, who landed in Virginia in 1793

Lithgow Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • George, James, John, Robert, Walter and William Lithgow, who all arrived in Philadelphia between 1840 and 1860

Lithgow Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century


  • Helen Lithgow arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Fairfield" in 1839
  • John Lithgow arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Fairfield" in 1839
  • John S. Lithgow arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "David Malcolm" in 1849
  • Sarah Lithgow, aged 26, a servant, arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship "Oregon"
  • Robert Lithgow, aged 30, arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Anglia"

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  • James S. Lithgow (1812-1902), sixteenth mayor of Louisville, Kentucky
  • John Arthur Lithgow (b. 1945), American Tony and Golden Globe Award winning actor
  • William Lithgow (b. 1784), Scottish-born, Australian Auditor General of of New South Wales, eponym of the city of Lithgow
  • Sir James Lithgow (1883-1952), 1st Baronet, Scottish industrialist
  • Sir William Lithgow (1854-1908), Scottish shipbuilder, co-founder of Lithgows Limited, a British shipbuilding company
  • Sir William James Lithgow (b. 1934), 2nd Baronet, Scottish industrialist and vice-chairman of Lithgow Group
  • Alexander "Alex" Frame Lithgow (1870-1929), New Zealand and Australian based composer and bandleader
  • Michael John "Mike" Lithgow OBE (1920-1963), British aviator and chief test pilot for Vickers Supermarine


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  1. Moncrieffe, Sir Ian of That Ilk and David Hicks. The Highland Clans The Dynastic Origins, Cheifs and Background of the Clans. New York: C.N. Potter, 1968. Print.
  2. Donaldson, Gordon and Robert S. Morpeth. Who's Who In Scotish History. Wales: Welsh Academic Press, 1996. Print. (ISBN 186057-0054).
  3. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Scotch Irish Pioneers In Ulster and America. Montana: Kessinger Publishing. Print.
  4. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry Including American Families with British Ancestry 2 Volumes. London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
  5. Martine, Roddy, Roderick Martine and Don Pottinger. Scottish Clan and Family Names Their Arms, Origins and Tartans. Edinburgh: Mainstream, 1992. Print.
  6. Barrow, G.W.S Ed. Acts of Malcom IV 1153-65 Volume I Regesta Regum Scottorum 1153-1424. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1960. Print.
  7. Dorward, David. Scottish Surnames. Glasgow: Harper Collins, 1995. Print.
  8. Scarlett, James D. Tartan The Highland Textile. London: Shepheard-Walwyn, 1990. Print. (ISBN 0-85683-120-4).
  9. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
  10. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  11. ...

The Lithgow Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Lithgow Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 18 May 2013 at 06:38.

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