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In the annals of Scottish history, few names go farther back than Lithgow, whose ancestors go back to the people of the Boernician tribe. The first family to use the name Lithgow lived in Linlithgow, located between Edinburgh and Falkirk. The place-name's origins are in the Gaelic: llyn meaning lake or pool, llaith meaning damp, and cau meaning hollow.

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The surname Lithgow was first found in Linlithgow, a Royal Burgh in West Lothian, Scotland. One of the earliest records of the name was Magister Symon de Lynlithcu who witnessed an instrument at the church of Cargil in 1225. A few years later in 1245, Petrus de Linlithqw was a canon of the priory of St. Andrews. His successor was Chief of the family name, son of John, and he was confirmed in his lands at Berwick on Tweed in 1280 and 1290. John de Lithcu rendered to Exchequer the account of his disbursements in connection with King Roberts I.

Over the years, Lithgow has been written It appears under these variations because medieval scribes spelled names according to sound rather than by any over-arching set of rules. Lithgow, Lithgoe, Lithcow and others.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Lithgow research. Another 209 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1220, 1220, 1500, 1582, 1645 and 1784 are included under the topic Early Lithgow History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Another 36 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Lithgow Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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When these Boernician-Scottish settlers arrived in North America they brought little with them and often had restart their lives from scratch. Through time, much of their heritage was lost, and it is only this century through Clan societies and highland games that many have recovered their national heritage. Research into various historical records has revealed some of first members of the Lithgow family to immigrate North America:

Lithgow Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Margaret Lithgow, who arrived in New Jersey in 1685

Lithgow Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Robert Lithgow, who landed in New England in 1719
  • Alexander Lithgow, who landed in Virginia in 1793

Lithgow Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • George, James, John, Robert, Walter and William Lithgow, who all arrived in Philadelphia between 1840 and 1860

Lithgow Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Helen Lithgow arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Fairfield" in 1839
  • John Lithgow arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Fairfield" in 1839
  • John S. Lithgow arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "David Malcolm" in 1849
  • Sarah Lithgow, aged 26, a servant, arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship "Oregon"
  • Robert Lithgow, aged 30, arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Anglia"
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  • John Arthur Lithgow (b. 1945), American Tony and Golden Globe Award winning actor
  • James S. Lithgow (1812-1902), sixteenth mayor of Louisville, Kentucky
  • William Lithgow, American politician, U.S. Vice Consul in Puerto Plata, 1884
  • William Lithgow Jr., American politician, U.S. Attorney for Maine, 1789-96
  • Washington Lithgow, American politician, U.S. Vice Consul in Puerto Plata, 1897
  • James Smith Lithgow (1812-1902), American Democrat politician, Coppersmith; Mayor of Louisville, Kentucky, 1865-67; Resigned 1867
  • Arthur W. Lithgow, American politician, U.S. Vice Consul in Puerto Plata, 1905
  • A. Lithgow, American politician, U.S. Consular Agent in Puerto Plata, 1862-66
  • Sir William James Lithgow (b. 1934), 2nd Baronet, Scottish industrialist and vice-chairman of Lithgow Group
  • Sir William Lithgow (1854-1908), Scottish shipbuilder, co-founder of Lithgows Limited, a British shipbuilding company
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Citations



    Other References

    1. Innes, Thomas and Learney. Scots Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Mordern Application of the Art and Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
    2. Bain, Robert. The Clans and Tartans of Scotland. Glasgow & London: Collins, 1968. Print. (ISBN 000411117-6).
    3. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
    4. Barrow, G.W.S Ed. The Charters of David I The Written Acts of David I King of Scots, 1124-53 and of His Son Henry, Earl of Northumerland, 1139-52. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 1999. Print.
    5. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
    6. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
    7. Moncrieffe, Sir Ian of That Ilk and David Hicks. The Highland Clans The Dynastic Origins, Cheifs and Background of the Clans. New York: C.N. Potter, 1968. Print.
    8. Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
    9. Browne, James. The History of Scotland it's Highlands, Regiments and Clans 8 Volumes. Edinburgh: Francis A Niccolls & Co, 1909. Print.
    10. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
    11. ...

    The Lithgow Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Lithgow Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 4 November 2015 at 13:33.

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