From the historical and fascinating Italian region of Venice
emerged a multitude of noble families, including the distinguished Lembard family. Although people were originally known only by a single name, it became necessary for people to adapt a second name to identify themselves as populations grew and travel became more frequent. The process of adopting fixed hereditary surnames
was not complete until the modern era, but the use of hereditary family names in Italy began in the 10th and 11th centuries. Italian hereditary surnames were developed according to fairly general principles and they are characterized by a profusion of derivatives coined from given names. Although the most common type of family name found in the region of Venice
is the patronymic
surname, which is derived from the father's given name, the nickname
type of surname is also frequently found. Nickname
surnames were derived from an eke-name, or added name. They usually reflected the physical characteristics or attributes of the first person that used the name. The surname Lembard came from a person from Lombardy
. The Lombards, who were a Germanic tribe that overran the area in the 6th century, derived their name from the Latin Langobardi, which is composed of the Germanic elements meaning long-beards. The name is also an occupational
name, derived from the personal name
Lombardo, which indicates merchant, banker, money-changer. Since these professions were mainly practiced in the north of Italy and in the region of Tuscany
, these are the places where the surname continues to be most prevalent today.
Early Origins of the Lembard family
The surname Lembard was first found in Tuscany
. One of the earliest bearers of this surname was Pietro Lombardo, a theologian born around the year 1100.
Lembard Spelling Variations
Surnames that originated in Italy are characterized by an enormous number of spelling variations
. Some of these are derived from regional traditions and dialects. Northern names, for instance, often end in "o", while southern names tend to end in "i". Other variations come from the fact the medieval scribes tended to spell according to the sound of words, rather than any particular set of rules. The recorded variations of Lembard include Lombard, Lombardèlli, Lombardelli, Lombardini, Lombardi, Lombardo, Lombardia, Lombardio, Lombardetto and many more.
Early Notables of the Lembard family (pre 1700)
Another 36 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Lembard Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Lembard family to the New World and Oceana
An examination of many early immigration records reveals that people bearing the name Lembard arrived in North America very early: Bernardo Lombard, who sailed to New England
in 1633; William Lombardino, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1873; Philip Lombardo arrived in Philadelphia in 1803.