The name Hodgkiss was carried to England in the enormous movement of people that followed the Norman Conquest of 1066. It comes from the Norman personal nameRoger. Hotchkis was a baptismal name which means Roger. As the naming tradition grew in Europe baptismal names began to be introduced in many countries. Baptismal names were sometimes given in honor of Christian saints and other biblical figures. There are very few Christian countries in Europe that did not adopt surnames from these religious figures.
The surname Hodgkiss was first found in Shropshire where the name "is a characteristic Shropshire name, and one especially numerous in the district of Church Stretton."  The first record of the name was William Hochekys who was listed in Shropshire in 1470. 
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hodgkiss research. Another 164 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1453, 1470, 1645, 1677, 1690 and 1790 are included under the topic Early Hodgkiss History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. When the Normans became the ruling people of England in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Hotchkiss, Hotchkis and others.