Rhineland was the local name. Originally denoting the proprietorship of the village or estate, the German preposition von, which means from or of, was used with local names. The surname Gruenwald was given to someone who lived close to the village green. Gruenwald is a topographic surname, which was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree. Habitation names form the other broad category of surnames that were derived from place-names.
Early Origins of the Gruenwald family
Rhineland, (Strasbourg) where since ancient times the Grunwald family made significant contributions to the region's feudal society. Subsequently, the family became prominent in local affairs and often merged with other distinguished families, some of whom played important roles in the territorial conflicts of the period.
Early History of the Gruenwald family
Another 201 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1694, 1460 and 1528 are included under the topic Early Gruenwald History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Gruenwald Spelling Variations
Westphalians spoke Low German, which is similar to modern Dutch. Many German names carry suffixes that identify where they came from. Others have phrases attached that identify something about the original bearer. Other variations in German names resulted from the fact that medieval scribes worked without the aid of any spelling rules. The spelling variations of the name Gruenwald include Gruenwald, Gruenewald, Gruenenwald, Grunewald, Gruenwalt, Grunewalt, Grunenwaldt, Grunewalelt, Grunwald, Grunwaldt and many more.
Early Notables of the Gruenwald family (pre 1700)
Another 29 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Gruenwald Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Gruenwald family to the New World and Oceana
The great European flow of migration to North America, which began in the middle of the 17th century and continued into the 20th century, was particularly attractive to those from the Rhineland who wished to escape either poverty or religious persecution. Many of those who left the Rhineland to seek their fortunes in the prosperous and free New World settled in the major urban centers of the United States and Canada. In the United States, the settlers from the Rhineland passed through immigration centers like that of Ellis Island, most of them moving on to Pennsylvania, Ohio, Texas, Illinois, California, and New York. In Canada, the majority of Rhinelanders settled in Ontario and the prairie provinces. An examination of passenger and immigration lists has revealed many important settlers to North America bearing the name Gruenwald, or one of its variants above:
Gruenwald Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
Gruenwald Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
Gruenwald Family Crest Products