The surname Goldthwait was first found in South Yorkshire at Goldthorpe, a village within the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley, but originally part of the West Riding of Yorkshire. Dating back to the Domesday Book of 1086, Goldthorpe was under the Manor of Bolton upon Dearne which was once owned by Roger de Busli. The place name literally means "outlying farmstead or hamlet of a man called Golda," having derived from the Old English personal name + "thorpe." 
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^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)