× Home
×

Family Crest and History Search
House of Names
FREE SHIPPING on orders of $85 or more
An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2017


The Gloucester surname was a habitational name, taken on from the city of Gloucester. This place name was originally "Gle-vum, " which was a cognate of the Welsh "gloyw," meaning "bright." The Old English "ceaster," came from the Roman (Latin) for a fort or walled city.

Gloucester Early Origins



The surname Gloucester was first found in Gloucestershire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the city and lands of Gloucester, held only by the King, who was recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086. It was from Gloucester that the King commissioned the Domesday Book. The name is probably derived from of the several stewards who held the lands from the King. Durand of Gloucester was such a steward.

Close

Gloucester Spelling Variations


Expand

Gloucester Spelling Variations



Spelling variations of this family name include: Gloucester, Gloster, Glouster, Glocester and others.

Close

Gloucester Early History


Expand

Gloucester Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gloucester research. Another 183 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 124 and 1242 are included under the topic Early Gloucester History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Close

Gloucester Early Notables (pre 1700)


Expand

Gloucester Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Gloucester Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Close

The Great Migration


Expand

The Great Migration



Some of the first settlers of this family name or some of its variants were: Mathew Gloster, who came to Virginia in 1621; John Gloster, who arrived in Virginia in 1635; Joseph Gloster, a bonded passenger, who settled in America in 1753.

Close

Contemporary Notables of the name Gloucester (post 1700)


Expand

Contemporary Notables of the name Gloucester (post 1700)



  • Stephen Gloucester (1802-1850), American former slave, who was among the primary organizers for the Underground Railroad in Philadelphia
  • Field Marshal Henry William Frederick Albert Gloucester (1900-1974), British Governor-General of Australia (1945) [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, October 5) Henry Gloucester. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Gloucester/Henry_William_Frederick_Albert/Great_Britain.html

Close

Gloucester Family Crest Products


Expand

Gloucester Family Crest Products




Close

See Also


Expand

See Also




Close

Citations


Expand

Citations



  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, October 5) Henry Gloucester. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Gloucester/Henry_William_Frederick_Albert/Great_Britain.html

Other References

  1. Bardsley, C.W. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6).
  2. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  3. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  4. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin . Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  5. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  6. Humble, Richard. The Fall of Saxon England. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-987-8).
  7. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
  8. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
  9. Sanders, Joanne McRee Edition. English Settlers in Barbados 1637-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  10. Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
  11. ...

The Gloucester Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Gloucester Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 18 February 2014 at 13:01.

Sign Up

  


FREE SHIPPING on orders of $85 or more
House of Names on Facebook
Follow Houseofnames on Twitter
Houseofnames on Pinterest