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Gloucester History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms



The Gloucester surname was a habitational name, taken on from the city of Gloucester. This place name was originally "Gle-vum, " which was a cognate of the Welsh "gloyw," meaning "bright." The Old English "ceaster," came from the Roman (Latin) for a fort or walled city.

Early Origins of the Gloucester family


The surname Gloucester was first found in Gloucestershire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the city and lands of Gloucester, held only by the King, who was recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086. It was from Gloucester that the King commissioned the Domesday Book. The name is probably derived from of the several stewards who held the lands from the King. Durand of Gloucester was such a steward.

Early History of the Gloucester family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gloucester research.
Another 183 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 124 and 1242 are included under the topic Early Gloucester History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Gloucester Spelling Variations


Spelling variations of this family name include: Gloucester, Gloster, Glouster, Glocester and others.

Early Notables of the Gloucester family (pre 1700)


More information is included under the topic Early Gloucester Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Gloucester family to the New World and Oceana


Some of the first settlers of this family name or some of its variants were: Mathew Gloster, who came to Virginia in 1621; John Gloster, who arrived in Virginia in 1635; Joseph Gloster, a bonded passenger, who settled in America in 1753.

Contemporary Notables of the name Gloucester (post 1700)


  • Stephen Gloucester (1802-1850), American former slave, who was among the primary organizers for the Underground Railroad in Philadelphia
  • Field Marshal Henry William Frederick Albert Gloucester (1900-1974), British Governor-General of Australia (1945) [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, October 5) Henry Gloucester. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Gloucester/Henry_William_Frederick_Albert/Great_Britain.html

Gloucester Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, October 5) Henry Gloucester. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Gloucester/Henry_William_Frederick_Albert/Great_Britain.html

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