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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


The Gloucester surname was a habitational name, taken on from the city of Gloucester. This place name was originally "Gle-vum, " which was a cognate of the Welsh "gloyw," meaning "bright." The Old English "ceaster," came from the Roman (Latin) for a fort or walled city.

Gloucester Early Origins



The surname Gloucester was first found in Gloucestershire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the city and lands of Gloucester, held only by the King, who was recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086. It was from Gloucester that the King commissioned the Domesday Book. The name is probably derived from of the several stewards who held the lands from the King. Durand of Gloucester was such a steward.

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Gloucester Spelling Variations


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Gloucester Spelling Variations



Spelling variations of this family name include: Gloucester, Gloster, Glouster, Glocester and others.

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Gloucester Early History


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Gloucester Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gloucester research. Another 183 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 124 and 1242 are included under the topic Early Gloucester History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Gloucester Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Gloucester Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Gloucester Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Some of the first settlers of this family name or some of its variants were: Mathew Gloster, who came to Virginia in 1621; John Gloster, who arrived in Virginia in 1635; Joseph Gloster, a bonded passenger, who settled in America in 1753.

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Contemporary Notables of the name Gloucester (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Gloucester (post 1700)




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Gloucester Family Crest Products


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Gloucester Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)

Other References

  1. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
  2. Fairbairn. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
  3. Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
  4. Foster, Joseph. Dictionary of Heraldry Feudal Coats of Arms and Pedigrees. London: Bracken Books, 1989. Print. (ISBN 1-85170-309-8).
  5. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
  6. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  7. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
  8. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  9. Virkus, Frederick A. Ed. Immigrant Ancestors A List of 2,500 Immigrants to America Before 1750. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1964. Print.
  10. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
  11. ...

The Gloucester Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Gloucester Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 18 February 2014 at 13:01.

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