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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


The Gloster surname was a habitational name, taken on from the city of Gloucester. This place name was originally "Gle-vum, " which was a cognate of the Welsh "gloyw," meaning "bright." The Old English "ceaster," came from the Roman (Latin) for a fort or walled city.

Gloster Early Origins



The surname Gloster was first found in Gloucestershire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the city and lands of Gloucester, held only by the King, who was recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086. It was from Gloucester that the King commissioned the Domesday Book. The name is probably derived from of the several stewards who held the lands from the King. Durand of Gloucester was such a steward.

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Gloster Spelling Variations


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Gloster Spelling Variations



Spelling variations of this family name include: Gloucester, Gloster, Glouster, Glocester and others.

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Gloster Early History


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Gloster Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gloster research. Another 183 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 124 and 1242 are included under the topic Early Gloster History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Gloster Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Gloster Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Gloster Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Gloster Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Mathew Gloster, who came to Virginia in 1621
  • Mathew Gloster, who arrived in Virginia in 1621
  • Jo Gloster, aged 23, arrived in Virginia in 1635
  • John Gloster, who arrived in Virginia in 1635

Gloster Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Joseph Gloster, a bonded passenger, who settled in America in 1753

Gloster Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • William Gloster, who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1842

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Contemporary Notables of the name Gloster (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Gloster (post 1700)



  • Mae Gloster, American Democrat politician, Member of New York Democratic State Committee, 1945; Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1964
  • Angelique D. Gloster, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Ohio, 2008
  • Dame Elizabeth Gloster (b. 1949), English judge, styled The Hon. Mrs Justice Gloster

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Gloster Family Crest Products


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Gloster Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)

Other References

  1. Crispin, M. Jackson and Leonce Mary. Falaise Roll Recording Prominent Companions of William Duke of Normandy at the Conquest of England. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  2. Sanders, Joanne McRee Edition. English Settlers in Barbados 1637-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  3. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
  4. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
  5. Innes, Thomas and Learney. The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland 1st Edition. Edinburgh: W & A. K. Johnston Limited, 1938. Print.
  6. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
  7. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
  8. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  9. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  10. Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
  11. ...

The Gloster Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Gloster Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 16 November 2015 at 11:29.

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