Gloster History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Gloster surname was a habitational name, taken on from the city of Gloucester. This place name was originally "Gle-vum, " which was a cognate of the Welsh "gloyw," meaning "bright." The Old English "ceaster," came from the Roman (Latin) for a fort or walled city.

Early Origins of the Gloster family

The surname Gloster was first found in Gloucestershire where the surname is descended from the tenant of the city and lands of Gloucester, held only by the King, who was recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086. It was from Gloucester that the King commissioned the Domesday Book. The name is probably derived from of the several stewards who held the lands from the King. Durand of Gloucester was such a steward.

Miles de Gloucester, Earl of Hereford (d. 1143), was the son and heir of Walter de Gloucester, hereditary castellan of Gloucester and sheriff of the shire. "Walter's father, Roger 'de Pistres,' had been sheriff before him, but was dead in 1086 (Domesday Book). Walter was in favour with Henry I, three of whose charters to him are extant (Duchy of Lancaster: Royal Charters). He held the post of a royal constable. Early in 1121 his son Miles was given the hand of Sibyl, daughter of Bernard de Neufmarché, the conqueror of Brecknock, with the reversion of her father's possessions (ib.) In the Pipe Roll of 1130 Walter is found to have been succeeded by his son, having died (or retired to Llanthony Abbey, according to its chronicle) in or before 1129 (Rot. Pip. 31 Hen. I). Miles was now (i.e. from 1128 at least) sheriff of Gloucestershire and Staffordshire, a justice itinerant, and a justice of the forest." [1]

Early History of the Gloster family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gloster research. Another 92 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 124 and 1242 are included under the topic Early Gloster History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Gloster Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Gloucester, Gloster, Glouster, Glocester and others.

Early Notables of the Gloster family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Gloster Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Gloster migration to the United States +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Gloster Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Mathew Gloster, who settled in Virginia in 1621
  • Mathew Gloster, who arrived in Virginia in 1621 [2]
  • Mr. John Gloster, (b. 1612), aged 23, British settler traveling aboard the ship "Safety" arriving in Virginia in 1635 [3]
  • John Gloster, who arrived in Virginia in 1635
  • Jo Gloster, aged 23, who arrived in Virginia in 1635 [2]
Gloster Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Joseph Gloster, a bonded passenger, who settled in America in 1753

Canada Gloster migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Gloster Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • William Gloster, who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1842

New Zealand Gloster migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Gloster Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Miss Helen Gloster, Scottish settler travelling from Glasgow aboard the ship "Sevilla" arriving in Bluff, Southland, South Island, New Zealand on 4th September 1864 [4]

Contemporary Notables of the name Gloster (post 1700) +

  • Mae Gloster, American Democratic Party politician, Member of New York Democratic State Committee, 1945; Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1964 [5]
  • Angelique D. Gloster, American Democratic Party politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Ohio, 2008 [5]
  • Dame Elizabeth Gloster (b. 1949), English judge, styled The Hon. Mrs Justice Gloster


  1. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ Pilgrim Ship's of 1600's (Retrieved October 5th 2021, retrieved from https://www.packrat-pro.com/ships/shiplist.htm)
  4. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  5. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 16) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html


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