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Gloster History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms



The Gloster surname was a habitational name, taken on from the city of Gloucester. This place name was originally "Gle-vum, " which was a cognate of the Welsh "gloyw," meaning "bright." The Old English "ceaster," came from the Roman (Latin) for a fort or walled city.

Early Origins of the Gloster family


The surname Gloster was first found in Gloucestershire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the city and lands of Gloucester, held only by the King, who was recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086. It was from Gloucester that the King commissioned the Domesday Book. The name is probably derived from of the several stewards who held the lands from the King. Durand of Gloucester was such a steward.

Early History of the Gloster family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gloster research.
Another 183 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 124 and 1242 are included under the topic Early Gloster History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Gloster Spelling Variations


Spelling variations of this family name include: Gloucester, Gloster, Glouster, Glocester and others.

Early Notables of the Gloster family (pre 1700)


More information is included under the topic Early Gloster Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Gloster family to the New World and Oceana


Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Gloster Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Mathew Gloster, who settled in Virginia in 1621
  • Mathew Gloster, who arrived in Virginia in 1621 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Jo Gloster, aged 23, who arrived in Virginia in 1635 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • John Gloster, who arrived in Virginia in 1635

Gloster Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Joseph Gloster, a bonded passenger, who settled in America in 1753

Gloster Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • William Gloster, who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1842

Contemporary Notables of the name Gloster (post 1700)


  • Mae Gloster, American Democrat politician, Member of New York Democratic State Committee, 1945; Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1964 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 16) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  • Angelique D. Gloster, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Ohio, 2008 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 16) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  • Dame Elizabeth Gloster (b. 1949), English judge, styled The Hon. Mrs Justice Gloster

Gloster Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 16) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html

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