Gallo History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
From the historical and enchanting Italian region of Tuscany emerged a multitude of noble families, including the distinguished Gallo family. During the Middle Ages, as populations grew and travel between regions became more frequent, the people of Tuscany found it necessary to adopt a second name to identify themselves and their families. The process of adopting fixed hereditary surnames was not complete until the modern era, but the use of hereditary family names in Italy began in the 10th and 11th centuries. Italian hereditary surnames were developed according to fairly general principles and they were characterized by a profusion of derivatives coined from given names. Although the most common type of family name found in Tuscany is the patronymic surname, which is derived from the father's given name, the nickname type of surname is also frequently found. Nickname surnames were derived from an eke-name, or added name. They usually reflected the physical characteristics or attributes of the first person that used the name. The surname Gallo is a name for a person with some of the attributes associated with a bird, such as a fine voice or sexual prowess. The name, which was also very popular in Spain during the Middle Ages, is derived from the Latin word Gallus which means rooster.
Early Origins of the Gallo family
The surname Gallo was first found in northern Italy which today incorporates the provinces of Cremona, Brescia, Pisa and the city of Florence. The earliest records of the surname Gallo date back to Florence, where the Galigai family can be traced to 1039.
Early History of the Gallo family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gallo research. More information is included under the topic Early Gallo History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Gallo Spelling Variations
Italian surnames come in far more variations than the names of most other nationalities. Regional traditions and dialects are a decisive factor in this characteristic. For example, northern names tend to end in "o", while southern in "i". Also important, but not unique to Italy, was the fact that before dictionaries and the printing press most scribes simply spelled words according to their sounds. The predictable result was an enormous number of spelling variations. The recorded spellings of Gallo include Galli, Gallo, Gall, Gallis, Gallelli, Gallello, Galletti, Galigai, Gallico, Galelei, Galladei, Galeota, Galizzi, Gallego, Gallini, Gallino, Gallucci, Galluccio, Galluzzi, Gallus, Galliussi, Gallozzi, Gallotti, Galloni, Gallone, Gallarini and many more.
Early Notables of the Gallo family (pre 1700)
Prominent among members of the family was Francesco Galeota, born in 1497 in Naples, who was a poet and a nobleman. Eighteen members of the Galilei family of Florence became priests between 1381 and 1528. Giulio Cesare la Galla (1576-1624), was Professor of philosophy at the Collegio Romano in Italy. Maria Domitilla Galluzzi (1595-1671), was a Catholic mystic. Girolamo da Santacroce Galizzi was a Venetian painter around 1510. Giovanni Gallego was a Baron, was Governor of Siena in 1540, and owned the castle of Salvatore in Messina. One very well known member of this lineage was Galileo Galilei, the physicist and...
Gallo World Ranking
In the United States, the name Gallo is the 1,938th most popular surname with an estimated 17,409 people with that name.  However, in France, the name Gallo is ranked the 1,229th most popular surname with an estimated 4,566 people with that name.  And in South America, the name Gallo is the 81st popular surname with an estimated 58 people with that name. 
In the immigration and passenger lists a number of early immigrants bearing the name Gallo were found:
Gallo Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
Gallo Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
Gallo Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. 
Gallo Settlers in West Indies in the 19th Century