Gadburay History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
Gadburay is a name of ancient Norman origin. It arrived in England with the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Gadburay family lived at Cadbury in Devon or Somerset. "There are ancient entrenchments called 'Cadbury Castle' at both the Devonshire and Somersetshire Cadburys." 
Early Origins of the Gadburay family
The surname Gadburay was first found in Cadbury, a parish, in the union of Tiverton, hundred of Hayridge in Devon. "On the summit of a high hill called Cadbury Castle, is an inclosure nearly circular, consisting of a single vallum and fosse, supposed to be either of British or of Roman origin; near it some Roman coins were found in 1827." 
Alternatively, the name could have originated in Somerset at either North Cadbury or South Cadbury. "Near the village are the remains of one of the most famous ancient fortifications in England: it was situated on the northern extremity of a ridge of hills, and was encircled by four trenches. Numerous Roman coins have been discovered; and the origin of the place may, with much probability, be ascribed to that people." 
Literally the place name Cadbury means "fortified place or stronghold of a man called Cada."  The Somerset parish dates back to Saxon times when it was first listed as Cadanbyrig c. 1000. By the time of the Domesday Book in 1086, the was known as Cadeberie.  Hence, the family surname, is conjecturally descended William de Poilley, who would have adopted the name de Cadbury or Cadbury.
Richard Tapper Cadbury (1768-1860), a native of Exeter moved to Birmingham in 1794 where he and Joseph Rutte started a tea and coffee business. Richard's son, John Cadbury (1801-1889) took over the business and was the founder of Cadbury, the chocolate business based in Birmingham.
Early History of the Gadburay family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gadburay research. Another 221 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1319, 1500, 1524, 1642, 1808, 1627, 1704 and 1627 are included under the topic Early Gadburay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Gadburay Spelling Variations
Endless spelling variations are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents. The name has been spelled Cadbury, Cabbury, Cadbery, Cadberry, Cadburie, Cadebury and many more.
Early Notables of the Gadburay family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Walter de Cadbury, a prominent 14th century property owner in London; and John Gadbury (1627-1704), an English astrologer, and...
Another 27 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Gadburay Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Gadburay family
To escape the political and religious persecution within England at the time, many English families left for the various British colonies abroad. The voyage was extremely difficult, though, and the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving. But for those who made it, the trip was most often worth it. Many of the families who arrived went on to make valuable contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Gadburay or a variant listed above: Joel Cadbury who arrived in New York State in 1853.
Related Stories +
- ^ Harrison, Henry, Surnames of the United Kingdom: A Concise Etymological Dictionary Baltimore: Geneological Publishing Company, 2013. Print
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
- ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)