Elliker History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
Early Origins of the Elliker family
The surname Elliker was first found in Yorkshire in the East Riding at Ellerker, a village and civil parish that dates back to the Domesday Book where it was listed as Alrecher and literally meant "marsh where alders grow" from the Old Scandinavian words elri + kjarr. 
At the time of the Domesday Book, the village was quite small with about 5 households holding about 39 villagers. The land was held at that time by Earl Morcar who was tenant in chief of the Bishop of Durham St Cuthbert. 
Early History of the Elliker family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Elliker research. Another 188 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1527, 1546, 1546, 1529, 1512, 1540, 1529 and 1522 are included under the topic Early Elliker History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Elliker Spelling Variations
Endless spelling variations are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents. The name has been spelled Ellerker, Elerker, Ellerkar, Ellarker, Elarker, Ellercker, Elercker, Ellicker, Elicker, Ellickar, Elliker, Hellerker, Helliker, Elliker and many more.
Early Notables of the Elliker family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Sir William Ellerker, Sheriff of Northumberland; Sir Ralph Ellerker of Risby, Yorkshire; and his eldest son, Sir Ralph Ellerker (died 1546), an English soldier, knight and politician, High Sheriff of Yorkshire in 1529. "Both father and son were knighted by the Earl of Surrey at Flodden Field. The elder Ellerker took part in the useless Spanish expedition in 1512, was an esquire...
To escape the political and religious persecution within England at the time, many English families left for the various British colonies abroad. The voyage was extremely difficult, though, and the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving. But for those who made it, the trip was most often worth it. Many of the families who arrived went on to make valuable contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Elliker or a variant listed above:
Elliker Settlers in United States in the 18th Century