Effingham History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The name Effingham reached English shores for the first time with the ancestors of the Effingham family as they migrated following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Effingham family lived in the East Riding of Yorkshire at Everingham.
Early Origins of the Effingham family
The surname Effingham was first found in Yorkshire at Everingham, a parish, in the union of Pocklington, Holme-Beacon division of the wapentake of Harthill.  This ancient Saxon village was originally listed as Yferingaham c. 972 and literally meant "homestead of the family or followers of a man called Eofor," from the Old English personal name + "-inga" + "ham."  By the time of the Domesday Book in 1086 the parish was known Evringham.  There is early record of a Thomas de Everingham (b. circa 1150) of Everingham, Yorkshire. A few years later the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 listed Adam de Everingham in Nottinghamshire. 
Early History of the Effingham family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Effingham research. Another 172 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1309, 1371, 1313, 1474 and 1530 are included under the topic Early Effingham History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Effingham Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names tend to be marked by an enormous number of spelling variations. This is largely due to the fact that Old and Middle English lacked any spelling rules when Norman French was introduced in the 11th century. The languages of the English courts at that time were French and Latin. These various languages mixed quite freely in the evolving social milieu. The final element of this mix is that medieval scribes spelled words according to their sounds rather than any definite rules, so a name was often spelled in as many different ways as the number of documents it appeared in. The name was spelled Everingham, Everinghame, Evringham, Evringhame, Evingham and many more.
Early Notables of the Effingham family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Effingham Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Effingham family
Because of the political and religious discontent in England, families began to migrate abroad in enormous numbers. Faced with persecution and starvation at home, the open frontiers and generally less oppressive social environment of the New World seemed tantalizing indeed to many English people. The trip was difficult, and not all made it unscathed, but many of those who did get to Canada and the United States made important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers with Effingham name or one of its variants: Jeremie Everingha, who was recorded in Virginia in 1671; Henry Evringham who landed in North America in 1750; James Evringham, born circa 1760 in New Jersey, was a British loyalist, whose oath of allegiance was recorded in Canada in 1796.
Contemporary Notables of the name Effingham (post 1700) +
- Rear Admiral Henry Effingham Eccles (1898-1986), American Navy officer and major figure at the Naval War College in Newport
Related Stories +
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
- ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)