Irish names tend to vary widely in their spelling and overall form. The original Gaelic form of the name Croaly is "O Cruadhlaoich." This is derived from the words "cruadh," which means "hard," and "laoch," which means "hero." CITATION[CLOSE]
O'Hart, John, Irish Pedigrees 5th Edition in 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0737-4)
Early Origins of the Croaly family
The surname Croaly was first found in Moylurg, in the County Roscommon
, where they started as a branch of the MacDermots. It is from Teige, a Prince of Moylurg, down to Cruadhlaoch that the line of descent for the Crowleys begins. A junior branch of the Crowley family also emerged and moved to the area of Dunmanway, in the west of County Cork
. They eventually became a distinct sept with their chief at Kilshallow, thriving while their parent family gradually withered. The majority of the Crowley family came to be found in the county of Cork, with three-quarters of the family being born there in modern times. CITATION[CLOSE]
MacLysaght, Edward, Irish Families Their Names, Arms and Origins 4th Edition. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1982. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-2364-7)
Early History of the Croaly family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Croaly research.Another 237 words (17 lines of text) covering the years 1172, 1658, 1713, 1819 and 1857 are included under the topic Early Croaly History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Croaly Spelling Variations
Pronunciation, rather than spelling, guided scribes and church officials when recording names during the Middle Ages. This practice often resulted in one person's name being recorded under several different spellings. Numerous spelling variations
of the surname Croaly are preserved in these old documents. The various spellings of the name that were found include Crowley, Crowly, O'Crowley, Croaley, Croawley, O'Crowly and many more.
Early Notables of the Croaly family (pre 1700)
Another 47 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Croaly Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Croaly family to the New World and Oceana
A massive amount of Ireland's native population left the island in the 19th century for North America and Australia
in hopes of finding more opportunities and an escape from discrimination and oppression. A great portion of these migrants arrived on the eastern shores of the North American continent. Although they were generally poor and destitute, and, therefore, again discriminated against, these Irish people were heartily welcomed for the hard labor involved in the construction of railroads, canals, roadways, and buildings. Many others were put to work in the newly established factories or agricultural projects that were so essential to the development of what would become two of the wealthiest nations in the world. The Great Potato Famine
during the late 1840s initiated the largest wave of Iris immigration. Early North American immigration and passenger lists have revealed a number of people bearing the name Croaly or a variant listed above: Alice Crowley settled in Jamaica in 1661; Alice, Bridget, Catharine, Cornelius, Dan, Eliza, Harry, James, Johanna, Judith, Mary, Michael, Pat, Timothy, and William Crowley, all settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1849.