Cleves History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The surname Cleves is derived from the Old English word "clif," which means cliff, rock, or steep descent. It is thought to have been a name used for someone who lived near a sloping cliff or the bank of a river. As such, the surname Cleves belongs to the class of topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees.

Early Origins of the Cleves family

The surname Cleves was first found in Shropshire and Cheshire. The latter county "in the hundred of Northwich, is Clive, from whence their ancestor Warin assumed his name in the time of Henry II. About the reign of Edward II the family removed to Huxley, also in Cheshire, Henry de Clive having married the co-heiress. " [1]

The Shropshire branch claim descent from the village and civil parish so named. "James Clive with the heiress of Styche, of Styche, they settled in Shropshire at that place, which is in the parish of Moreton-Say, and has remained uninterruptedly in the Clive family." [1]

Henry de Cliff (d. 1334), the English judge, "is first mentioned as accompanying the king abroad in May 1313; and on 11 May 1317, as a master in chancery, he had charge of the great seal at the house of the Lord Chancellor, John de Sandale, Bishop of Winchester. There is another master in chancery in Edward II's reign of the same name, probably a brother. " [2]

Important Dates for the Cleves family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cleves research. Another 138 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1725, 1774, 1767, 1558, 1514, 1522, 1523, 1522, 1529, 1526 and 1532 are included under the topic Early Cleves History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cleves Spelling Variations

Although there are not an extremely large number Welsh surnames, there are an inordinately large number of spelling variations of those surnames. This variety of spellings began almost immediately after the acceptance of surnames within Welsh society in the 15th century. As time progressed, these old Brythonic names were eventually were recorded in English. This process was problematic in that many of the highly inflected sounds of the native language of Wales could not be properly captured in English. Some families, however, did decide to modify their own names to indicate a branch loyalty within the family, a religious adherence, or even a patriotic affiliation. The name Cleves has seen various spelling variations: Cliffe, Cliff, Clive, Cleeves, Cleave, Cleaves and many more.

Early Notables of the Cleves family (pre 1700)

Prominent amongst the family during the late Middle Ages was William Clyffe (d. 1558), English divine, educated at Cambridge, where he graduated LL.B. in 1514, was admitted advocate at Doctors' Commons on 16 Dec. 1522, graduated LL.D...
Another 36 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cleves Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cleves migration to the United States

The Welsh migration to North America in the late 19th and early 20th centuries contributed greatly to its rapid development. These migrants were in search of land, work, and freedom. Those Welsh families that survived the long ocean journey were critical to the development of new industries and factories, and to the quick settlement of land. They also added to an ever-growing rich cultural heritage. A search of the immigration and passenger lists has shown a number of people bearing the name Cleves:

Cleves Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • John Cleves, who arrived in Virginia in 1653 [3]
  • George Cleves, who arrived in Falmouth, Me in 1658 [3]
Cleves Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • J Cleves, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851 [3]

Cleves migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Cleves Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mr. Ebenezer Cleves U.E. who settled in New Brunswick c. 1783 member of the Cape Ann Association [4]
  • Mr. Harrison Cleves U.E. who settled in New Brunswick c. 1783 member of the Cape Ann Association [4]

Contemporary Notables of the name Cleves (post 1700)

  • John Cleves Symmes (1742-1814), American delegate to the Continental Congress from New Jersey who later pioneered throughout the Northwest Territory, father-in-law of President William Henry Harrison
  • John Cleves Symmes Jr. (1780-1829), American Army officer, trader, and lecturer from Sussex County, New Jersey, best known for his Hollow Earth Theory in 1818
  • Cleves Kinkead, American writer, best known for his 1915 play Common Clay, the basis for a 1919 silent film Common Clay starring Fannie Ward

Citations

  1. ^ Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
  2. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
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