A variety of distinguished and notable names have emerged from the beautiful and historical Italian region of Tuscany
, including the notable surname Civello. During the Middle Ages, as populations grew and travel between regions became more frequent, the people of Tuscany, who were originally known only by a single name, found it necessary to adopt a second name to identify themselves and their families. This process of adopting fixed hereditary surnames
in Italy began in the 10th and 11th centuries, but it was not completed until the modern era. The development of Italian hereditary surnames followed general principles and were characterized by derivatives from one's given name. The patronymic
surname, which is derived from the father's given name, was one of the most common name types found in the region of Tuscany
. This system of name-making was widely used because it linked well with the existing Feudal
System and during the Christian era, many people named their children after saints and biblical figures. The surname Civello came from the Latin given name Jacobus.
Early Origins of the Civello family
The surname Civello was first found in the early 13th century, in the town of Fiesole, which lies just outside of Florence.
Early History of the Civello family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Civello research. More information is included under the topic Early Civello History in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Civello Spelling Variations
Italian surnames have a surprising number of forms in comparison with other European surnames because they reflect the regional variations and the many dialects of the Italian language, each of which has its distinctive features. For example, in Northern Italy the most standard Italian surname suffix is "I", whereas in Southern Italy the most typical surname suffix is "O". Sardinian is very different from other forms of Italian and in fact, it is considered to be its own distinct language. Additionally, spelling changes frequently occurred because medieval scribes, church officials, and the bearers of names, spelled names as they sounded rather than according to any specific spelling rules. As a consequence of the major changes in the Italian language and in the local
spellings of Italian surnames that occurred over the course of history, there are numerous variations for the surname Civello. These spelling variations
include Covelli, Covoni, Covell, Coviello, Covello, Coveillo, Covella, Covino, Covitto and many more.
Early Notables of the Civello family (pre 1700)
Prominent among members of the family was Covone Covoni, born in the 13th century in Florence, who was a military captain of Orsammichele in 1315, a priest in 1317, and... Another 29 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Civello Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Civello family to the New World and Oceana
Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Civello were Nicho Covell, who arrived in Virginia in 1648; Anna Covino, aged 26, who arrived at Ellis Island
from Ceppaloni, Italy, in 1920; Antonio Covino, aged 38, who arrived at Ellis Island
from Pannarano, Italy, in 1922.
Contemporary Notables of the name Civello (post 1700)
- Joseph Francis Civello (1902-1970), American mobster and the leader of the Dallas crime family from 1956 until his death in 1970
- Chiara Civello (b. 1975), Italian Jazz singer-songwriter, and pianist