The name Caxtone arrived in England
after the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Caxtone family lived in Cambridgeshire
, where they held a family seat
on lands at Causton
Early Origins of the Caxtone family
The surname Caxtone was first found in Cambridgeshire
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy
, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron
, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England
to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, the Manor of Caustone was occupied by Hardwin of Scales in 1086, from whom the Caxtons are conjecturally descended. The village of Causton, or Caxton, is on Roman Ermine Street and was once a coaching village. There is a restored gibbet in the village.
Early History of the Caxtone family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Caxtone research.Another 463 words (33 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1273, 1335, 1422, 1400, 1500, 1422 and 1491 are included under the topic Early Caxtone History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Caxtone Spelling Variations
A multitude of spelling variations
characterize Norman surnames. Many variations occurred because Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England
also had a pronounced effect, as did the court languages of Latin and French. Therefore, one person was often referred to by several different spellings in a single lifetime. The various spellings include Caxton, Caxtone, Cackston, Cackstone, Cacstone, Caxten, Caxtan and many more.
Early Notables of the Caxtone family (pre 1700)
Another 42 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Caxtone Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Caxtone family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families left England
, to avoid the chaos of their homeland and migrated to the many British colonies abroad. Although the conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and some travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute, once in the colonies, many of the families prospered and made valuable contributions to the cultures of what would become the United States and Canada. Research into the origins of individual families in North America has revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Caxtone or a variant listed above: Bryan Caxton, who settled in Maryland in 1678.