Castellani History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The distinguished surname Castellani originated in an area of Italy, known as the Papal States. Although people were originally known only by a single name, it became necessary for people to adapt a second name to identify themselves as populations grew and travel became more frequent. The process of adopting fixed hereditary surnames was not complete until the modern era, but the use of hereditary family names in Italy began in the 10th and 11th centuries. Italian hereditary surnames were developed according to fairly general principles and they are characterized by a profusion of derivatives coined from given names. Although the most traditional type of family name found in the region of the Papal States is the patronymic surname, which is derived from the father's given name, local surnames are also found. Local names, which are the least frequent of the major types of surnames found in Italy, are derived from a place-name where the original bearer once resided or held land. Often Italian local surnames bore the prefix "di," which signifies emigration from one place to another, but does not necessarily denote nobility. The Castellani family lived at or near a "castle."
Early Origins of the Castellani family
The surname Castellani was first found in the year 1070, when Pantaleone Castelli was responsible for the construction of the bronze doors for the church of San Paolo.
Early History of the Castellani family
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Castellani Spelling Variations
Surnames that originated in Italy are characterized by an enormous number of spelling variations. Some of these are derived from regional traditions and dialects. Northern names, for instance, often end in "o", while southern names tend to end in "i". Other variations come from the fact the medieval scribes tended to spell according to the sound of words, rather than any particular set of rules. The recorded variations of Castellani include Castelli, Castello, Castella, Castiello, Castiglio, Del Castello, Del Castiglio, Castelletti, Castelletto, Castelletta, Castellini, Castellino, Castellucci, Casteluccio, Castelluzzi, Castelluzzo, Castellotti, Castellotto, Castellone, Castiglione, Castiglioni, Castioni, Castellacci, Castellaccio, Castellazzi, Castellazzo, Castellani, Castellano, Castellana, Castellàn, Castellaneta, Castellari, Castellaro, Castellarini, Castellarìn, Castelfranco, Castelfranchi, Castelnovo, Castelnuovo, Castelnovi, Castelvecchio, Castelvecchi, Castelvetro and many more.
Early Notables of the Castellani family (pre 1700)
Prominent among members of the family was Alberto Castellani was mayor of Cerea in 1210, 1211, and again in 1229; Pierozzo Castellani was a priest in 1390; Luca Castellano was a priest in 1420; Agostino Castelli of Brescia was a military engineer and a prominent architect in 1488; the Da Castello family, who were landowners in Novara during the 12th century; Ludovico Castellani was a famous sculptor in Ferrara in the 15th century; Castellano Castellani was a nobleman in Florence around this time; Salvi Castellucci was a famous...
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Migration of the Castellani family
Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Castellani or a variant listed above: R. Castello, who settled in New York City in 1822; M. Castello settled in Boston, Massachusetts in 1823 at the age of 25; Mark, John, Atillio, and A.B. Castello all arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1878..
Contemporary Notables of the name Castellani (post 1700) +
- Attilio N. "Rocky" Castellani (1926-2008), American boxer
- Robert J. Castellani, American politician, U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Georgia, 1981 
- Enrico Castellani (1930-2017), Italian painter associated with the zero movement
- Andrea Castellani (b. 1972), former Italian rugby union player and a current coach
- Aldo Castellani (1877-1971), Italian pathologist and bacteriologist, Honorary Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George, known for Castellani’s paint
- Mario Castellani (1906-1978), Italian comic actor, sidekick of famous comic actor Antonio De Curtis (Totò)
- Renato Castellani (1913-1985), Italian BAFTA Award nominated film director and screenwriter, involved in over 40 films
- Fortunato Pio Castellani (1794-1865), Italian jeweller, founder of Castellani, an Italian jewelry company in 1814
- Leonardo Castellani (1899-1981), Argentine priest, essayist, novelist, poet and theologian
- Daniel Jorge Castellani (b. 1961), Argentine bronze medalist volleyball player at the 1988 Summer Olympics
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