From the historical and enchanting Italian region of Tuscany
emerged a multitude of noble families, including the distinguished Capini family. During the Middle Ages, as populations grew and travel between regions became more frequent, the people of Tuscany
found it necessary to adopt a second name to identify themselves and their families. The process of adopting fixed hereditary surnames
was not complete until the modern era, but the use of hereditary family names in Italy began in the 10th and 11th centuries. Italian hereditary surnames were developed according to fairly general principles and they were characterized by a profusion of derivatives coined from given names. Although the most common type of family name found in Tuscany
is the patronymic
surname, which is derived from the father's given name, the nickname
type of surname is also frequently found. Nickname
surnames were derived from an eke-name, or added name. They usually reflected the physical characteristics or attributes of the first person that used the name. The surname Capini is a name for person who was the chief of the head from the Italian personal name
Early Origins of the Capini family
The surname Capini was first found in Florence (Italian: Firenze), where earliest records show Tenzone Caponsacco lived with his family in 1071. Other important people include Francesco Capi of Siena, a theologian who became Archbishop of Venice
in 1461; Giacomo Capi was a knight in Mantua during the 15th century; Giovanni Francesco Capi was a knight and diplomat in Mantua around the same time.
Early History of the Capini family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Capini research.Another 179 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1273, 1404, 1391, 1532, 1612, 1610, 1812 and 1821 are included under the topic Early Capini History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Capini Spelling Variations
In comparison with other European surnames, Italian surnames have a surprising number of forms. They reflect the regional variations and the many dialects of the Italian language, each with its own distinctive features. For example, in Northern Italy the typical Italian surname suffix is "i", whereas in Southern Italy it is "o". Additionally, spelling changes frequently occurred because medieval scribes and church officials often spelled names as they sounded rather than according to any specific spelling rules. The spelling variations
in the name Capini include Capo, Capone, Caponi, Caponio, Caponetto, Caponetti, Caponnetto, Capoccia, Capi, Capozzi, Capocci, Capoccetti, Capoccioni, Capozza, Capozzo, Capozio and many more.
Early Notables of the Capini family (pre 1700)
Prominent among members of the family was Ludovico Capi of Mantua worked for the House of Savoy in 1532; Giulio Capone of Otratanto was a prominent theologian and lawyer in 1612; Ridolfo Capoferro or Capo Ferro of Cagli, Italian fencing... Another 40 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Capini Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Capini family to the New World and Oceana
Early records show that people bearing the name Capini arrived in North America quite early: Antonia Capozza, aged 40, who arrived at Ellis Island
from Laviano in 1897; Agostino Capozza, aged 40, who arrived at Ellis Island
in 1896; Domenico Capuano, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1843.