The name Broume came to England
with the ancestors of the Broume family in the Norman Conquest
of 1066. It comes from the name of a plant. The family name claims direct descent from the Earls of Anjou
, who changed their name to Broome after a pilgrimage to the crusades and the Holy Land. As the story goes, the Earl of Anjou, wore a sprig of Broome as a symbol of humility. He then took the name of the plant as his name.
Early Origins of the Broume family
The surname Broume was first found in Kent
where Eustace de la Brome was listed in the Hundredorum Rolls
of 1273. The same census lists William de Broom and Henry de Brom in Norfolk
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
By the time of King Edward III (1312-1377), records of the name were found in Somerset: Nicholas atte
Brome and William atte
Brome. Another early branch of the family was found in the parish of Holton in Oxfordshire
. "The church is a cruciform structure, with a chapel attached to the north aisle, and another to the south; the latter, which appears to be the less ancient, was built by William Brome, who in 1461 was buried in a vault underneath it. In the parish register is recorded the marriage of Ireton to Bridget, daughter of Oliver Cromwell
, which took place June 15th, 1646, in the mansion-house of the Whorwood family, to whom the estate was conveyed by marriage with the heiress of George Brome." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Broume family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Broume research.Another 631 words (45 lines of text) covering the years 1366, 1550, 1600, 1485, 1620, 1666, 1719, 1689 and 1745 are included under the topic Early Broume History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Broume Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names tend to be marked by an enormous number of spelling variations
. This is largely due to the fact that Old and Middle English lacked any spelling rules when Norman French was introduced in the 11th century. The languages of the English courts at that time were French and Latin. These various languages mixed quite freely in the evolving social milieu. The final element of this mix is that medieval scribes spelled words according to their sounds rather than any definite rules, so a name was often spelled in as many different ways as the number of documents it appeared in. The name was spelled Broome, Broom, Brome and others.
Early Notables of the Broume family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Henry Broome, who died at the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485; Alexander Brome (1620-1666), an English poet; James Brome (died 1719), an English clergyman and travel writer... Another 35 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Broume Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Broume family to the New World and Oceana
Because of the political and religious discontent in England
, families began to migrate abroad in enormous numbers. Faced with persecution and starvation at home, the open frontiers and generally less oppressive social environment of the New World seemed tantalizing indeed to many English people. The trip was difficult, and not all made it unscathed, but many of those who did get to Canada and the United States made important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers with Broume name or one of its variants: Roger Broome who settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1635; Sarah and Francis Broome settled in Maryland in 1775; John Broome of Yorkshire
, who settled in New York in 1732.