Brough History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Brough comes from a place name. The roots of this Scottish place name; however date back to the great movement of the Norse Vikings. The ancestors of the Brough family lived in the places named Overbrough and Netherbrough in Harray, in the Orkney Islands. It is believed that the origins of the Brough name are Norse, but it is not known if the place or personal name came first.

Early Origins of the Brough family

The surname Brough was first found in the Orkneys, where they held a family seat from very ancient times.

Early History of the Brough family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Brough research. Another 204 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1530, 1557, 1600, 1643, and 1671 are included under the topic Early Brough History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Brough Spelling Variations

Spelling and translation were quite undeveloped in the Middle Ages. Consequently, the spelling of Scottish names was an inconsistent practice, usually governed by the unique ear of the scribe recording the name. Over the years, Brough was spelled Brough, Burgh, Brugh, Broughe, Burghe, Brughe, Bruche and many more.

Early Notables of the Brough family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Brough Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Brough Ranking

In the United States, the name Brough is the 9,465th most popular surname with an estimated 2,487 people with that name. [1] However, in New Zealand, the name Brough is ranked the 969th most popular surname with an estimated 772 people with that name. [2]


United States Brough migration to the United States +

Opportunity and land greeted those who made it all the way. Some had the opportunity to solidify their new freedom by fighting in the American War of Independence, while others went or stayed north as United Empire Loyalists. Recently, the ancestors of those brave settlers have been able to recover much of their heritage through Clan societies and other patriotic organizations. A thorough examination of passenger and immigration lists has disclosed evidence of many early immigrants of the name Brough:

Brough Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • William Brough, who arrived in Maryland in 1636 [3]
  • Thomas Brough, who landed in Virginia in 1637 [3]
  • Edward Brough, who settled in Virginia in 1642
  • Andrew Brough, who landed in Maryland in 1659 [3]
Brough Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Heronimus Brough, aged 21, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1743 [3]
  • Heronimus Brough, who settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1743
  • George Brough, who settled in Savannah, Georgia in 1774, with his wife Barbara, three sons and a daughter
  • George Brough, aged 35, who landed in Savanna(h), Georgia in 1774 [3]
Brough Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • John Brough, who landed in New York in 1819 [3]
  • Mr. Brough, aged 45, who landed in Mobile, Ala in 1850 [3]
  • Mrs. Brough, aged 35, who arrived in Mobile, Ala in 1850 [3]
  • Charles Brough, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1873 [3]

Australia Brough migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Brough Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. William Brough who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Bussorah Merchant" on 24th March 1828, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [4]
  • William Brough, English convict from Staffordshire, who was transported aboard the "America" on April 4, 1829, settling in New South Wales, Australia [5]
  • Mr. Charles Brough, British Convict who was convicted in Stafford, Staffordshire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Coromandel" on 25th June 1838, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [6]
  • John Brough, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Anson" on September 23, 1843, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [7]
  • Mr. James Brough, (b. 1822), aged 23, English potter who was convicted in Stafford, Staffordshire, England for 7 years for stealing, transported aboard the "Equestrian" on 30th June 1845, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Island), he died in 1875 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Brough migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Brough Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. William Brough, (b. 1829), aged 32, Scottish farm labourer, from Perthshire travelling from London aboard the ship "Sebastopol" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 14th December 1861 [9]
  • Miss Mary Ann Brough, (b. 1863), aged 2 months, English settler from Cheshire travelling from London aboard the ship "Tiptree" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 20th January 1864 [9]
  • Mrs. Martha Brough, (b. 1835), aged 28, English settler from Cheshire travelling from London aboard the ship "Tiptree" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 20th January 1864 [9]
  • Mr. Thomas Brough, (b. 1837), aged 26, English farm labourer from Cheshire travelling from London aboard the ship "Tiptree" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 20th January 1864 [9]
  • Mr. Henry Brough, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Queen of India" arriving in Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 23rd June 1865 [9]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

West Indies Brough migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [10]
Brough Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • James Brough, who settled in Jamaica in 1685

Contemporary Notables of the name Brough (post 1700) +

  • Louise Brough (1923-2014), American tennis player, she was ranked no. 1 in 1955
  • Althea Louise Brough Clapp (1923-2014), American tennis player, ranked World Number 1, in 1955, winner of six Grand Slam singles titles, inducted in the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1967
  • John Brough (1811-1865), American politician, Civil War governor of Ohio (1864-65)
  • William Brough, American politician, Postmaster at Hampton, Virginia, 1817-23 [11]
  • Robert Brough, American politician, Postmaster at Hampton, Virginia, 1789-91 [11]
  • John A. Brough, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from New York, 1936, 1940, 1944 [11]
  • John Brough (1811-1865), American politician, Member of Ohio State House of Representatives, 1838-39; Ohio auditor of state, 1839-45; Governor of Ohio, 1864-65 [11]
  • Frank E. Brough, American politician, Socialist Workers Candidate for Michigan State University board of trustees, 1974 [11]
  • Charles Hillman Brough (1876-1935), American Democratic Party politician, College professor; Governor of Arkansas, 1917-21; Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Arkansas, 1924 [11]
  • Bernard F. Brough (1871-1926), American Republican politician, Mayor of Toledo, Ohio, 1922-25 [11]
  • ... (Another 12 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Air New Zealand Flight 901
  • Mrs. Aubrey Conroy Brough (1911-1979), New Zealander passenger, from Thames, North Island, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus; she died in the crash [12]


  1. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  2. ^ https://forebears.io/new-zealand/surnames
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 5th November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/bussorah-merchant
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 26) America voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1829 with 176 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/america/1829
  6. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 19th March 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/coromandel
  7. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Anson voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1843 with 499 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/anson/1843
  8. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 9th May 2022). https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/equestrian
  9. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  10. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
  11. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 13) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  12. ^ Mount Erebus, Memorial, Roll of Remembrance (Retrieved 2018, February 21st). Retrieved from http://www.erebus.co.nz/memorialandawards/rollofremembrance.aspx


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