Broom History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Broom was brought to England in the great wave of migration following the Norman Conquest of 1066. It comes from the name of a plant. The family name claims direct descent from the Earls of Anjou, who changed their name to Broome after a pilgrimage to the crusades and the Holy Land. As the story goes, the Earl of Anjou, wore a sprig of Broome as a symbol of humility. He then took the name of the plant as his name.

Early Origins of the Broom family

The surname Broom was first found in Kent where Eustace de la Brome was listed in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273. The same census lists William de Broom and Henry de Brom in Norfolk. [1] By the time of King Edward III (1312-1377), records of the name were found in Somerset: Nicholas atte Brome and William atte Brome.

Adam de Brome (d. 1332), was a "founder of Oriel College, Oxford, of whose early life nothing is known, was Rector of Hanworth in Middlesex in 1315, Chancellor of Durham in 1316, Archdeacon of Stow in 1319, and in the same year was made Vicar of St. Mary in Oxford. " [2]

Indeed, he may have been one of the progenitors of the family found in the parish of Holton in Oxfordshire. "The church is a cruciform structure, with a chapel attached to the north aisle, and another to the south; the latter, which appears to be the less ancient, was built by William Brome, who in 1461 was buried in a vault underneath it. In the parish register is recorded the marriage of Ireton to Bridget, daughter of Oliver Cromwell, which took place June 15th, 1646, in the mansion-house of the Whorwood family, to whom the estate was conveyed by marriage with the heiress of George Brome." [3]

Thomas Brome (d. 1380), was a Carmelite divine who was "brought up in the monastery of his order in London, whence he proceeded to Oxford and attained the degree of master, and also, as it seems, of doctor in divinity." [2]

Early History of the Broom family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Broom research. Another 316 words (23 lines of text) covering the years 1366, 1550, 1600, 1485, 1620, 1666, 1719, 1689 and 1745 are included under the topic Early Broom History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Broom Spelling Variations

A multitude of spelling variations characterize Norman surnames. Many variations occurred because Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England also had a pronounced effect, as did the court languages of Latin and French. Therefore, one person was often referred to by several different spellings in a single lifetime. The various spellings include Broome, Broom, Brome and others.

Early Notables of the Broom family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Henry Broome, who died at the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485. Alexander Brome (1620-1666), was an English poet, but by profession "an attorney in the Lord Mayor's court, according to Langbaine, and in the court of king's bench, according to Richard Smith's ' Obituary,' published by the Camden Society. During the civil wars he distinguished himself by his attachment...
Another 67 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Broom Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Broom Ranking

In the United States, the name Broom is the 6,559th most popular surname with an estimated 4,974 people with that name. [4]


United States Broom migration to the United States +

Many English families left England, to avoid the chaos of their homeland and migrated to the many British colonies abroad. Although the conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and some travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute, once in the colonies, many of the families prospered and made valuable contributions to the cultures of what would become the United States and Canada. Research into the origins of individual families in North America has revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Broom or a variant listed above:

Broom Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Margaret Broom, who arrived in Maryland in 1652 [5]
  • Daniel Broom, who settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1683
  • Daniel Broom, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1683 [5]
Broom Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • John Broom, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1708 [5]
  • Thomas Broom, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1716 [5]
  • John Broom, who settled in Virginia in 1727
Broom Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Coena Serbel Broom, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1803 [5]
  • Luke C Broom, aged 25, who landed in New York in 1812 [5]

Australia Broom migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Broom Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. George Broom, (b. 1797), aged 19, English convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 14 years, transported aboard the "Atlas" on 16th January 1816, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, he died in 1874 [6]
  • Mr. Charles Broom, English convict who was convicted in Somerset, England for life, transported aboard the "Claudine" on 19th August 1829, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [7]
  • Mr. James Broom, English convict who was convicted in Somerset, England for life, transported aboard the "Claudine" on 19th August 1829, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [7]
  • Mr. Stephen Broom, English convict who was convicted in Somerset, England for life, transported aboard the "Claudine" on 19th August 1829, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [7]
  • Mr. Thomas Broom, English convict who was convicted in Chester, Cheshire, England for life, transported aboard the "Exmouth" on 3rd March 1831, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Broom migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Broom Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • J. Broom, British settler travelling from Liverpool aboard the ship "Tornado" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 26th September 1859 [9]
  • Hannah Broom, aged 19, a servant, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Waipa" in 1876

West Indies Broom migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [10]
Broom Settlers in West Indies in the 18th Century
  • John Broom, who settled in Jamaica in 1722

Contemporary Notables of the name Broom (post 1700) +

  • Jacob Broom (1752-1810), American businessman and politician, signer of the U.S. Constitution
  • James Madison Broom (1776-1850), American lawyer and politician
  • Jacob Broom (1808-1864), American Party member of the U.S. House of Representatives
  • Bobby Broom (b. 1961), American jazz guitarist, composer and educator
  • John L. Broom, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from New York County, 1823 [11]
  • James Madison Broom (1776-1850), American politician, Representative from Delaware at-large, 1805-07; Member of Pennsylvania State House of Representatives, 1824 [11]
  • Jacob Broom (1808-1864), American politician, Representative from Pennsylvania 4th District, 1855-57 [11]
  • Jacob Broom (1752-1810), American politician, Member of Delaware State Legislature, 1784-88; Member, U.S. Constitutional Convention, 1787 [11]
  • Herbert Broom (1815-1882), English writer on law
  • Donald Maurice Broom (b. 1942), English biologist and emeritus professor of animal welfare
  • ... (Another 7 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMS Hood
  • Mr. George W Broom (b. 1917), English Shipwright 3rd Class serving for the Royal Navy from Baydon-on-Tyne, County Durham, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [12]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. H. Broom (d. 1912), aged 33, English Bath Steward from Cowes, Isle of Wight who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [13]


  1. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  3. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  4. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  5. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  6. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 14th July 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/atlas
  7. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 18th February 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/claudine
  8. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 25th May 2022). https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/exmouth
  9. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  10. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
  11. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 13) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  12. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  13. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html


Houseofnames.com on Facebook