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An excerpt from archives copyright 2000 - 2016

The name Broom was brought to England in the great wave of migration following the Norman Conquest of 1066. It comes from the name of a plant. The family name claims direct descent from the Earls of Anjou, who changed their name to Broome after a pilgrimage to the crusades and the Holy Land. As the story goes, the Earl of Anjou, wore a sprig of Broome as a symbol of humility. He then took the name of the plant as his name.


The surname Broom was first found in Kent where Eustace de la Brome was listed in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273. The same census lists William de Broom and Henry de Brom in Norfolk. By the time of King Edward III (1312-1377), records of the name were found in Somerset: Nicholas atte Brome and William atte Brome.

A multitude of spelling variations characterize Norman surnames. Many variations occurred because Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England also had a pronounced effect, as did the court languages of Latin and French. Therefore, one person was often referred to by several different spellings in a single lifetime. The various spellings include Broome, Broom, Brome and others.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Broom research. Another 631 words (45 lines of text) covering the years 1366, 1550, 1600, 1485, 1620, 1666, 1719, 1689 and 1745 are included under the topic Early Broom History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Another 125 words (9 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Broom Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Many English families left England, to avoid the chaos of their homeland and migrated to the many British colonies abroad. Although the conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and some travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute, once in the colonies, many of the families prospered and made valuable contributions to the cultures of what would become the United States and Canada. Research into the origins of individual families in North America has revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Broom or a variant listed above:

Broom Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Margaret Broom, who arrived in Maryland in 1652
  • Daniel Broom settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1683
  • Daniel Broom, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1683

Broom Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • John Broom, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1708
  • Thomas Broom, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1716
  • John Broom settled in Jamaica in 1722
  • John Broom settled in Virginia in 1727

Broom Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Coena Serbel Broom, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1803
  • Luke C Broom, aged 25, landed in New York in 1812

Broom Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Elizabeth Broom, English convict from Somerset, who was transported aboard the "Anna Maria" on October 4, 1851, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia

Broom Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Hannah Broom, aged 19, a servant, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Waipa" in 1876


  • John L. Broom, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from New York County, 1823
  • James Madison Broom (1776-1850), American politician, Representative from Delaware at-large, 1805-07; Member of Pennsylvania State House of Representatives, 1824
  • Jacob Broom (1808-1864), American politician, Representative from Pennsylvania 4th District, 1855-57
  • Jacob Broom (1752-1810), American politician, Member of Delaware State Legislature, 1784-88; Member, U.S. Constitutional Convention, 1787
  • Jacob Broom (1752-1810), American businessman and politician, signer of the U.S. Constitution
  • James Madison Broom (1776-1850), American lawyer and politician
  • Jacob Broom (1808-1864), American Party member of the U.S. House of Representatives
  • Bobby Broom (b. 1961), American jazz guitarist, composer and educator
  • Mr. H. Broom (d. 1912), aged 33, English Bath Steward from Cowes, Isle of Wight who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking
  • Herbert Broom (1815-1882), English writer on law



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  1. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
  2. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
  3. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
  4. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1790. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
  5. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
  6. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  7. Cook, Chris. English Historical Facts 1603-1688. London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.
  8. Hitching, F.K and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601-1602. Walton On Thames: 1910. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0181-3).
  9. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  10. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
  11. ...

The Broom Family Crest was acquired from the archives. The Broom Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 16 April 2016 at 16:23.

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