There are no fewer than three locations in England
named Birkby. In Cumbria
, Birkby is in the parish of Crosscanonby (or Cross Canonby) and the remaining two locations are found in North Yorkshire
and West Yorkshire
. It is from this area of England
that the surname Beckby claims as its ancient homestead.
Early Origins of the Beckby family
The surname Beckby was first found in West Yorkshire
or North Yorkshire
at Birkby, townships and parishes. The North Yorkshire
location is presumably the oldest at it dates back to the Domesday Book
of 1086 where it was first listed as Bretebi. CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
Both place names mean "farmstead or village of the Britons." CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
One of the first records of the name was William de Bretteby, who was listed in the Assize Rolls of Yorkshire
in 1219. Years later, William Birtby was listed again in Yorkshire
in 1462. CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
Conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant
of the lands of Birkby near Huddersfield held by the King's steward, who was recorded in the Domesday Book
census of 1086.
Early History of the Beckby family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Beckby research.Another 217 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1510, 1600 and 1487 are included under the topic Early Beckby History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Beckby Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names tend to be marked by an enormous number of spelling variations
. This is largely due to the fact that Old and Middle English lacked any spelling rules when Norman French was introduced in the 11th century. The languages of the English courts at that time were French and Latin. These various languages mixed quite freely in the evolving social milieu. The final element of this mix is that medieval scribes spelled words according to their sounds rather than any definite rules, so a name was often spelled in as many different ways as the number of documents it appeared in. The name was spelled Birkby, Berkby, Beckby, Bickby, Birkbie, Birkbee, Bickbie, Burkby, Burkbie, Birkbye, Birchby, Berchby and many more.
Early Notables of the Beckby family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Beckby Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Beckby family to the New World and Oceana
Because of the political and religious discontent in England
, families began to migrate abroad in enormous numbers. Faced with persecution and starvation at home, the open frontiers and generally less oppressive social environment of the New World seemed tantalizing indeed to many English people. The trip was difficult, and not all made it unscathed, but many of those who did get to Canada and the United States made important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers with Beckby name or one of its variants: Samuell Birkby, who settled in Maryland in 1657; Catherine Birkby, who arrived in Maryland in 1654; and John Birkby, who was on record in New York in 1831..