Origins Available: German
The prestigious family surname Barnhard originated in the territory that eventually became the German state of Prussia
. In the 19th century, this state was virtually unrivalled militarily, and its rapid industrial growth made it a contender for economic superiority in Europe as well. However, in the medieval era, Prussia
was fragmented and inhabited by numerous barbarian tribes, who fought amongst themselves for control of the land. The borders of the barbarian kingdoms, which were established after the fall of the Roman Empire
, changed repeatedly. The region that came to be known as Prussia
was roughly divided between the territories of Brandenburg-Prussia
, West Prussia
and East Prussia
. The Barnhard family emerged in Brandenburg- Prussia
, which is essentially the birthplace of modern Germany
. By the 19th century, Brandenburg-Prussia
had incorporated East Prussia
, West Prussia
and many other German territories. Moreover, in the late 19th century, it led the German states in the unification of Germany.
Early Origins of the Barnhard family
The surname Barnhard was first found in Brandenburg, Mecklenburg, and throughout the lands that would later form the Prussian Empire, where the name became noted for its many branches, each house acquiring a status and influence which was envied by the princes of the regions. In their later history the name became a power unto themselves and was elevated to the ranks of nobility as they grew into this most influential family. In its mediaeval context, the literal meaning of the name was "baerenkuehn," that is, "bear-brave." The name began its rise to prominence as one of the most popular first names of northern Germany
in the Middle Ages before becoming firmly grounded as a surname.
Early History of the Barnhard family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Barnhard research.Another 343 words (24 lines of text) covering the years 1604, 1623, 1639, 1728, 1762, 1763, 1769, 1810, 1818, and 1820 are included under the topic Early Barnhard History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Barnhard Spelling Variations
In the medieval era, many different cultural groups lived in the German states. There are thus many regional variations of German surnames from that era. Westphalians
spoke Low German, which is similar to modern Dutch. Many German names carry suffixes that identify where they came from. Others have phrases attached that identify something about the original bearer. Other variations in German names resulted from the fact that medieval scribes worked without the aid of any spelling rules. The spelling variations
of the name Barnhard include Bernhard, Bernhardi (Alemannic), Bernhardy (Latin genetive form found along Rhine and Danube rivers), Bernardt, Bernhardt, Bernehard, Bernehardt and many more.
Early Notables of the Barnhard family (pre 1700)
Prominent bearers of the family name Barnhard during this time period were Duke Bernhard of Saxen-Weimar (1604-1639), who was a celebrated general in the Thirty Years' War. He was born in 1604 in Weimar as the eleventh son of John, duke of Saxen-Weimar. At the outbreak of the Thirty Years'... Another 49 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Barnhard Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Barnhard family to the New World and Oceana
Since medieval times, the state of Prussia
has played an important part in the history of Germany
. The state's military powers were historically very strong, and endured until after the Second World War, when the territory was broken up and divided between the Soviet Union
, Poland, East Germany
and West Germany. A spurt of migration followed, with some Prussians going elsewhere in Europe and many others crossing the ocean to North America. Most entered the United States through Philadelphia. Some remained there, while more moved on to the states of Ohio, Texas, Illinois, California, New York, and Maryland. Others traveled to Canada and settled Ontario and the prairie provinces. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Barnhard or a variant listed above:
Barnhard Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Peter Barnhard, who landed in Ohio in 1881 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)