Baldacci History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
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The distinguished surname Baldacci can be traced back to the ancient and beautiful region of Lombardy. Although people were originally known only by a single name, it became necessary for people to adopt a second name to identify themselves as populations grew and travel became more frequent. The process of adopting fixed hereditary surnames was not complete until the modern era, but the use of hereditary family names in Italy began in the 10th and 11th centuries. Italian hereditary surnames were developed according to fairly general principles and they were characterized by a profusion of derivatives coined from given names. The most common type of family name found in the region of Lombardy is the patronymic surname, which is derived from the father's given name. During the Middle Ages, Italians adopted the patronymic system of name-making because it perfectly complemented the prevailing Feudal System. In Italy the popularity of patronymic type of surname is also due to the fact that during the Christian era, people often named their children after saints and biblical figures. The surname Baldacci came from the Germanic word baltha, which means gallant, bold.
Early Origins of the Baldacci family
The surname Baldacci was first found in the city of Cremona, which lies just south of Milan. The earliest records of the family lie here with the Baldesio family in the 8th century.
Early History of the Baldacci family
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Baldacci Spelling Variations
Italian surnames have a surprising number of forms in comparison with other European surnames because they reflect the regional variations and the many dialects of the Italian language, each of which has its distinctive features. For example, in Northern Italy the most standard Italian surname suffix is "I", whereas in Southern Italy the most typical surname suffix is "O". Sardinian is very different from other forms of Italian and in fact, it is considered to be its own distinct language. Additionally, spelling changes frequently occurred because medieval scribes, church officials, and the bearers of names, spelled names as they sounded rather than according to any specific spelling rules. As a consequence of the major changes in the Italian language and in the local spellings of Italian surnames that occurred over the course of history, there are numerous variations for the surname Baldacci. These spelling variations include Baldo, Baldi, Baudi, Baudo, Bauda, De Baudi, Debaudi, Baldelli, Baldella, Baldetti, Balde, Baldini, Baldin, Baldinotti, Balducci, Baldocci, Baldoni, Baldizzone, Baldacchi, Baldaco, Baldacchino, Baldecchi, Baldacci, Baldassi, Baldasso, Baldas, Baldassini, Baldasseroni, Baldassarini, Baldana, Balda China, Baldassin, Baldazzi, Baldani, Baldan, Baldaro, Baldari, Baldesi, Baldrati, Baldironi, Baudino, Baudinelli, Bauduccio, Baudone, Baudizzone, Baudacci, Baudassi, Baudasso and many more.
Early Notables of the Baldacci family (pre 1700)
Prominent among bearers of this family in early times was Rinaldo Baldacchini in Cortona in 1160, who owned much land and many castles; his son Filippo d' Antonio Baldacchini was a count in a Papal castle; Cino Baldi of Novara was a famous religious man in 1296 and Lapo Baldi took his position and status in 1298; Percivalle Baldissone was ambassador to Pope Martino IV in 1281 in Genoa. A soldier of the Baldacci lineage at this time was Pace Baldassino, who lived in Gubbio in 950. Also from this family in Gubbio was Baldoino Baldassini who was a count, San...
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Migration of the Baldacci family
Discovered in the immigration and passenger lists were a number of people bearing the name Baldacci: Albina Baldassi, aged 23, who arrived at Ellis Island from Italy, in 1911; Angelo Baldassi, aged 27, who arrived at Ellis Island from Codroipo, Italy, in 1923.
Contemporary Notables of the name Baldacci (post 1700) +
- John Elias Baldacci (b. 1955), American Democrat politician, Member of Maine State Senate, 1982-94; U.S. Representative from Maine 2nd District, 1995-2003; 73rd Governor of Maine, 2003-2011 
- Paul Ruppert Baldacci (1907-1984), American college football player and head coach at the University of Akron (1946 to 1947)
- Louis Granville Baldacci (b. 1934), former American college and NFL football player for the Pittsburgh Steelers (1956)
- Joseph M. Baldacci, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Maine, 2008 
- Maria Maddalena Baldacci (1718-1782), Italian portrait miniature painter from Florence, best known for her portrait of Empress Maria Theresa
- Giovanna Bruna Baldacci (1886-1910), Italian composer, pianist and poet from Pistoia
- Giuseppe Baldacci (b. 1856), Italian architect from Florence
- Mirco Baldacci (b. 1977), Italian rally driver from San Marino
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