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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016


The Au family name first began to be used in the German state of Bavaria. After the 12th century, hereditary surnames were adopted according to fairly general rules, and names that were derived from locations became particularly common. The family name Au is a local surname. Originally denoting the proprietorship of an estate or influence within a village, the German preposition von, which means from or of, used with local names, was taken as a mark of aristocracy. The surname Au was given to someone who lived in a wooded area, meadow, or pasture. The name stems from the German word Aue, which means woods or meadow. The name von der Aue gained widespread recognition from Hartmann von der Aue, who was a renowned poet of the 12th and 13th centuries. After the 13th century, the name Au became particularly popular in Bavaria, which was the primary location of seven noble families bearing this name. The Au family possessed vast estates and resided in an elegant feudal home in Bavaria. They also played an influential role in the social, economic and political development of the region.

Au Early Origins



The surname Au was first found in Bavaria, where the Auer family name is considered to have made an early contribution to the feudal society which became the backbone of early development in Europe. The name became prominent in local affairs and branched into many houses which played important roles in the savage tribal and national conflicts, as each group sought political supremacy. The name derives from the German word "Aue," which means meadow or pasture. Hartmann von der Aue ("of or from the meadow") was a renowned poet of the 12th and 13th centuries, and the name von der Aue gained widespread designation for those living in a wooded or pastured area. The name was particularly popular in Bavaria, which was the primary location of seven noble families bearing this name, dating back to the 13th century.

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Au Spelling Variations


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Au Spelling Variations



In the medieval era, many different cultural groups lived in the German states. There are thus many regional variations of German surnames from that era. Westphalians spoke Low German, which is similar to modern Dutch. Many German names carry suffixes that identify where they came from. Others have phrases attached that identify something about the original bearer. Other variations in German names resulted from the fact that medieval scribes worked without the aid of any spelling rules. The spelling variations of the name Au include Auer, Auers, Auerr, Auerre, Aur, Aure, Aurr and many more.

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Au Early History


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Au Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Au research. Another 230 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1502, 1639, 1761, and 1767 are included under the topic Early Au History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Au Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Au Early Notables (pre 1700)



Another 23 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Au Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



The great European flow of migration to North America, which began in the middle of the 17th century and continued into the 20th century, was particularly attractive to those from Bavaria who wished to escape either poverty or religious persecution. For many Bavarian tenant farmers, the chance to own their own land was a major incentive. So the widespread colonization of the United States began in 1650, when many immigrants from Germany settled in pockets in Pennsylvania, Texas, New York, Illinois, and California. In Canada, German settlement centered in Ontario and the prairie provinces. Among those of this surname listed in various historical records were:

Au Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Johann Henrich Au, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1764
  • Ludwig Au, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1774

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Au Family Crest Products


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Au Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
    2. Haverkamp, Alfred. Medieval Germany 1056-1273 2nd edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print.
    3. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
    4. Rolland, and H.V. Rolland. Illustrations to the Armorial general by J. B. Rietstap 6 volumes in 3. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1976. Print.
    5. Bahlow, Hans. Deutschlands geographische Namenwelt Etymologisches Lexikon der Fluss- und Ortsnamen alteuropaischer Herkunft. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 1985. Print.
    6. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
    7. Preuss, Otto. Die Lippischen Familiennamen mit Berücksichtigung der Ortsnamen. Detmold: Meyer'sche Hofbuchh, 1887. Print.
    8. Rupp, Daniel L. A Collection of Upwards of Thirty Thousand Names of German, Swiss, Dutch, French and Other Immigrants to Pennsylvania from 1727 to 1776. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 2000. Print. (ISBN 978-0806303024).
    9. Gritzner, M. Handbuch der heraldischen Terminologie in zwölf Zungen. Nürnberg: 1890. Print.
    10. Bahlow, Hans. Abhandlungen zur Namenforschung und Buchgeschichte. 1980. Print. (ISBN 978-3768690522).
    11. ...

    The Au Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Au Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 8 May 2016 at 00:06.

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