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The German surname Kretschmer is derived from the Old German word "Kretscham," meaning "inn." The name was most likely first borne by an innkeeper.

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The surname Kretschmer was first found in Saxony, where the name came from humble beginnings but gained a significant reputation for its contribution to the emerging mediaeval society. It later became more prominent as many branches of the same house acquired distant estates and branches, some in foreign countries, always elevating their social status by their great contributions to society. The earliest recorded bearer was Henczel Kreczmar, who lived in Jitschin in 1363.

Spelling variations of this family name include: Kartschner, Kartschmer, Kretschmar, Karczmar, Karczmarski, Karczmarek, Kretzschmer, Kretchmann, Kretschmeyer, Kartschmeyer, Kartchmann, Karstener, Creekmore, Kretschmer, Kretzchmar, Cretschemer, Kreczmer and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Kretschmer research. Another 179 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1730, 1793, and 1867 are included under the topic Early Kretschmer History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 31 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Kretschmer Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Kretschmer Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • Karl G Kretschmer, who landed in Missouri in 1849

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  • Albert Kretschmer (1825-1891), German professor, painter, costumes researcher and chairman of Schauspielhaus Berlin
  • Frank Kretschmer, East German bronze medalist slalom canoer in the late 1970s
  • Theodor Kretschmer (1901-1986), Generalmajor in the Wehrmacht during World War II, recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
  • Jürgen Kretschmer (1947-1970), East German four-time gold medalist slalom canoer in the 1970s
  • Peter Kretschmer (1992-2012), German gold medalist sprint canoer at the 2012 Summer Olympics
  • Gero Kretschmer (b. 1985), German tennis player playing on the ATP Challenger Tour
  • Sven Kretschmer (b. 1970), former German footballer
  • Flotilla Admiral Otto "Silent Otto" Kretschmer (1912-1998), German U-Boat commander in World War II, from 1939 until being captured in March 1941, he sank 47 ships
  • Marian Kretschmer (b. 1983), German comics artist
  • Paul Kretschmer (1866-1956), German linguist

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  1. Hildenbrand, A.M. Wappenfibel. Handbuch der Heraldik. Neustadt an der Aisch: 1970. Print.
  2. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
  3. Tarneller, Josef. Zur Namenkunde Tirolen Familiennamen. Bozen: Buchhandlung, 1923. Print.
  4. Göbel, Otto. Niederdeutsche Familiennamen der Gegenwart Wolfshagen-Schäbentz. Franz: Westphal, 1936. Print.
  5. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  6. Brechenmacher, Josef Karlmann. Deutches Namenbuch. Stuttgart: Verlag von Adolf Bonz & Comp, 1928. Print.
  7. Zoder, Rudolf. Familiennamen in Ostfalen. Hildesheim: Geog Olms Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1968. Print.
  8. Oswald, G. Lexicon der Heraldik. Leipzig: 1984. Print.
  9. Bahlow, Hans. Deutschlands geographische Namenwelt Etymologisches Lexikon der Fluss- und Ortsnamen alteuropaischer Herkunft. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 1985. Print.
  10. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
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This page was last modified on 5 August 2014 at 18:52.

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