The distinguished surname Kaufman is a proud symbol of a Jewish culture, which is found in many places world-wide. In the Middle Ages, it became necessary to adopt surnames, since people were moving closer together, and it was becoming difficult to distinguish between people with the same names. The surname Kaufman is an occupational surname, which belongs to the category of hereditary surnames. This surname was given to a banker, pawnbroker, or usurer. It derives from the German word lehenen, which means to lend.
Andrew Geoffrey "Andy" Kaufman (1949-1984), American comedian and actor who began his career by starting his act with an outrageously bad performance and would then launch into an Elvis Presley impersonation so good that Elvis Presley himself described it as his favorite
Andy Kaufman (1949-1984), American comedian and actor
Philip Kaufman (b. 1936), multiple award-winning American film director, writer, and producer perhaps best known for the movie "The Right Stuff", which won four Academy Awards, five other awards, and an additional eleven nominations. He also directed the cult classic "Invasion of the Body Snatchers"
Mrs. Karen Kaufman M.B.E., (Karen MacKay), British Head of External Affairs for Busy Bees Childcare, was appointed Member of the Order of the British Empire on 29th December 2018 for services to Children and Families 
Nikolay Yankov Kaufman (1925-2018), Bulgarian musicologist, folklorist and composer
Sir Gerald Bernard Kaufman (1930-2017), British Labour politician, Father of the House of Commons (2015-2017), Chair of the Culture, Media and Sport Committee (1992-2005), Shadow Foreign Secretary (1987-1992)
Boris Kaufman (1906-1980), Polish cinematographer who won an Academy Award for his first Hollywood feature film 'On the Waterfront' in 1954