A variety of distinguished and notable names have emerged from the beautiful and historical Italian region of Tuscany
, including the notable surname Girardengo. During the Middle Ages, as populations grew and travel between regions became more frequent, the people of Tuscany, who were originally known only by a single name, found it necessary to adopt a second name to identify themselves and their families. This process of adopting fixed hereditary surnames
in Italy began in the 10th and 11th centuries, but it was not completed until the modern era. The development of Italian hereditary surnames followed general principles and were characterized by derivatives from one's given name. The patronymic
surname, which is derived from the father's given name, was one of the most common name types found in the region of Tuscany
. This system of name-making was widely used because it linked well with the existing Feudal
System and during the Christian era, many people named their children after saints and biblical figures. The surname Girardengo came from the personal name
Gerard, which was itself derived from the Old German Gerhard, which means spear-brave.
Early Origins of the Girardengo family
The surname Girardengo was first found in Tuscany
(Italian: Toscana), a region in central Italy, in the northern area of the Garfagnana. Records can be found as early as 970, with the Gherardinghi family who owned the castles of Verrucola, Bibbiano, Bogli, San Romano, and Sommacologna.
Early History of the Girardengo family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Girardengo research. More information is included under the topic Early Girardengo History in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Girardengo Spelling Variations
Italian surnames have a surprising number of forms in comparison with other European surnames because they reflect the regional variations and the many dialects of the Italian language, each of which has its distinctive features. For example, in Northern Italy the most standard Italian surname suffix is "I", whereas in Southern Italy the most typical surname suffix is "O". Sardinian is very different from other forms of Italian and in fact, it is considered to be its own distinct language. Additionally, spelling changes frequently occurred because medieval scribes, church officials, and the bearers of names, spelled names as they sounded rather than according to any specific spelling rules. As a consequence of the major changes in the Italian language and in the local
spellings of Italian surnames that occurred over the course of history, there are numerous variations for the surname Girardengo. These spelling variations
include Gherardi, Gherardo, Gherardis, Ghirardi, Ghirardo, Gherlardi, Ghelardo, Ghilardi, Gerardi, Gheraldi, Ghiraldi, Ghiroldi, Geraldi, Geraldo, Geroldi, Giraldi, Giraldo, Ciraldo, Giraudo, Giraud, Girod, Giroldi, Gherardelli, Gherardini, Gherardinghi, Gerardini, Gerardello, Gherarducci, Gherardeschi, Della Gherardesca, Ghirardelli, Ghilardini, Ghelardini, Girardini, Girardin, Girardoni, Girardone, Girardengo, Geraldini and many more.
Early Notables of the Girardengo family (pre 1700)
Prominent among members of the family was Ugolino Della Gherardesca, a Pisan Ghibelline leader during the 13th century. The Gherardesca family of Pisa was one of the most powerful and respected families in the city at this time. Of this family was Pietro Gherardesca, Cardinal of Pisa with the title of San Susanna; also of this family was Ugolino Gherardesca, who was written about by Dante Alighieri. Guelfo Gerardini was head of the Guelph faction in Florence in 1358... Another 79 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Girardengo Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Girardengo family to the New World and Oceana
Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Girardengo were Donarto Gerardi, who arrived in Boston in 1822, Antoine Gerardin, who came to New York in 1849, and Joseph Gerardi, who was Naturalized in Shiawassee county Michigan in 1882..
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