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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2014

Origins Available: English, Irish, Scottish

Where did the Scottish Mitchell family come from? What is the Scottish Mitchell family crest and coat of arms? When did the Mitchell family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Mitchell family history?

The Mitchell family originally lived in the town of Mitcham in the county of Surrey, England before moving north to Scotland, and taking this name with them. In Scotland, as hereditary surnames were adopted during the late Middle Ages, names derived from localities became increasingly widespread. Local names sometimes denoted the proprietorship of the village or estate. Alternatively the name was derived from the personal name Michael, meaning "who is like God" and influenced by the Norman French to Michel and later to Mitchell. The Gaelic form of the name was MacgilleMichael. [1]


Spelling variations of this family name include: Mitchell, Michel, Michell, Mitchill, Mychell, Mitcham and many more.

First found in Surrey. Although the records are vague, it is most likely that this name moved north from Durham or Yorkshire around 1130 and were one of the many families invited north by King David of Scotland when he ascended the throne. Significantly, John Michelsone had a safe conduct passage to England to conduct trading south of the border in 1395. Meanwhile, William Michelsone held his estates in Innerkethin Scotland. The Latinization of this name at this time was Michaelis and many of the individuals are recorded in charters under this name. John Michaelis of Brechin was the rector of that place in 1464.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Mitchell research. Another 247 words(18 lines of text) covering the years 1433, 1463, 1474, 1646, 1465, 1600, 1591, 1663, 1662, 1663, 1642, 1710, 1699, 1702 and are included under the topic Early Mitchell History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Another 59 words(4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Mitchell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Some of the Mitchell family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 145 words(10 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.


Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Mitchell Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century

  • Francis Mitchell, who landed in Virginia in 1618
  • Maudlin Mitchell, who sailed to Virginia in 1620
  • Maudlin Mitchell, who arrived in Virginia in 1620
  • Experience Mitchell, who landed in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1623
  • Mathew Mitchell, who arrived in Connecticut in 1630

Mitchell Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century

  • Saml Mitchell, who landed in Virginia in 1706
  • Edwd Mitchell, who arrived in Virginia in 1706
  • Benjamin Mitchell, who arrived in Maryland in 1752
  • William Mitchell and his wife Agnes Buchanan, who emigrated from Scotland to Connecticut in 1755
  • Richard Mitchell, who arrived in America in 1760-1763

Mitchell Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century

  • Spencer Cochrane Mitchell, who arrived in Maryland in 1800
  • Sarah Mitchell, aged 25, arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1804
  • Jane Mitchell, who landed in America in 1804
  • Peter Mitchell, who landed in Savanna(h), Georgia in 1811
  • Spencer Mitchell, aged 35, landed in Maryland in 1812

Mitchell Settlers in the United States in the 20th Century

  • Edmund Mitchell, who landed in Mississippi in 1906
  • Gus Mitchell, who arrived in Arkansas in 1906
  • Guss Mitchell, who landed in Arkansas in 1906
  • Myer Mitchell, who arrived in Mobile, Ala in 1906
  • Andrew Mitchell, who landed in Alabama in 1923


  • Joan Mitchell (1925-1992), acclaimed American abstract expressionist painter
  • Arthur Mitchell (b. 1934), world-renowned dancer, artistic director, educator, and choreographer who founded the Dance Theatre of Harlem
  • Maria Mitchell (1818-1889), American astronomer who was the first to discover a comet with the use of a telescope and was the first woman admitted to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, as well as the American Philosophical Society
  • Edgar Dean Mitchell (b. 1930), American pilot, engineer, astronaut, sixth person to walk on the Moon and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Dennis Mitchell (b. 1966), former American athlete, winner of the gold medal in 4 x 100 m relay race at the 1992 Summer Olympics
  • Silas Weir Mitchell (1829-1914), American physician
  • Brigadier General William Lendrum "Billy" Mitchell (1879-1936), American aviation pioneer regarded as the father of the U.S. Air Force. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross and the Distinguished Service Medal
  • Margaret Munnerlyn MItchell (1900-1949), American author who won the Pulitzer Prize in 1937 for her novel Gone with the Wind
  • Clarence M. Mitchell Jr. (1911-1984), Civil rights activist, chief lobbyist for the NAACP for nearly 30 years and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • George John Mitchell Jr. (b. 1933), American lawyer, businessman and politician, Senate Majority Leader (1989-1995), United States Special Envoy for Middle East Peace (2009-2011), recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom



  • Descendants of John Mitchell of Drumore Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania by Warren A. Brannon.
  • The Mitchell Family of Tipton County, Tennessee by Helen Mitchell Goggins.

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Favente Deo supero
Motto Translation: By Godís favour I conquer.


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  1. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)

Other References

  1. Scots Kith and Kin And Illustrated Map Revised 2nd Edition. Edinburgh: Clan House/Albyn. Print.
  2. Scarlett, James D. Tartan The Highland Textile. London: Shepheard-Walwyn, 1990. Print. (ISBN 0-85683-120-4).
  3. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  4. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  5. Barrow, G.W.S Ed. Acts of Malcom IV 1153-65 Volume I Regesta Regum Scottorum 1153-1424. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1960. Print.
  6. Leyburn, James Graham. The Scotch-Irish A Social History. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0807842591).
  7. Prebble, John. The Highland Clearances. London: Secker & Warburg, 1963. Print.
  8. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  9. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
  10. Urquhart, Blair Edition. Tartans The New Compact Study Guide and Identifier. Secauccus, NJ: Chartwell Books, 1994. Print. (ISBN 0-7858-0050-6).
  11. ...

The Mitchell Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Mitchell Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 11 September 2014 at 20:48.

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