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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Origins Available: English, Scottish

Where did the English Marshall family come from? What is the English Marshall family crest and coat of arms? When did the Marshall family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Marshall family history?

The name Marshall arrived in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. It is a name for a blacksmith or a person who tended horses deriving its origin from the Old English word marshal, which meant blacksmith. In medieval England, blacksmiths were extremely important because they were employed by the nobility to look after the horses.

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Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Marshall, Marshal, Marescal, Marshale and others.

First found in Wiltshire, where they established themselves after the Norman Conquest.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Marshall research. Another 205 words(15 lines of text) covering the years 1084, 1170, 1235, 1594, 1655, 1621, 1685, 1672, 1685, 1628, 1680, 1637, 1698 and are included under the topic Early Marshall History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 165 words(12 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Marshall Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Marshall family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 191 words(14 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Marshall or a variant listed above:

Marshall Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century


  • Henry Marshall, who landed in America in 1620
  • Edward Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1621
  • Charle Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1623
  • Francis Marshall, who arrived in New England in 1634 aboard the "Christian"
  • Francis Marshall, aged 26, arrived in Barbados in 1635


Marshall Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century


  • Josias Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1701
  • Angell Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1702
  • Abraham Marshall, who landed in Virginia in 1709
  • Abraham Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1709
  • Angilo Marshall, who landed in Virginia in 1719


Marshall Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century


  • Betty Marshall, aged 19, arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1805
  • Joseph Marshall, who arrived in Ohio in 1812
  • Elizabeth Marshall, aged 39, arrived in Massachusetts in 1813
  • Gilbert Marshall, who landed in Washington County, Pennsylvania in 1818
  • Andrew Marshall, who landed in Charleston, South Carolina in 1826


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  • Penny Marshall (b. 1943), American actress, producer and director, recipient of three Golden Globe award nominations
  • Garry Marshall (b. 1934), American actor, director, writer and producer
  • George Catlett Marshall (1880-1959), American General of the Army involved in both World Wars, receiving the Croix de Guerre during WWII, and director of the European Economic Recovery Program (the Marshall Plan) after World War II
  • EG Marshall (1914-1998), Emmy award-winning American actor
  • Paule Marshall (b. 1929), American author
  • Peter Marshall (1902-1949), American Presbyterian clergyman
  • Donyell Marshall (b. 1973), American NBA Basketball Player
  • James Howard Marshall II (1905-1995), Texas oil magnate
  • Thurgood Marshall (1908-1993), American jurist, first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Brigadier-General James Creel Marshall (1897-1977), American Assistant Chief of Staff, Services of Supply, South West Pacific Area (1943-1945)

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  • Forebears and Descendants of an Early Houston Family by Maudie Marie Holt Marshall.
  • A History of the Marshall and Related Families by Wallace Marshall.
  • Marshall Pioneers and Their Descendants Across Canada and the United States by Joan Jowsey.
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  1. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
  2. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
  3. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  4. Foster, Joseph. Dictionary of Heraldry Feudal Coats of Arms and Pedigrees. London: Bracken Books, 1989. Print. (ISBN 1-85170-309-8).
  5. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  6. Hitching, F.K and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601-1602. Walton On Thames: 1910. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0181-3).
  7. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  8. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  9. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  10. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  11. ...

The Marshall Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Marshall Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 28 July 2014 at 14:29.

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