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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Origins Available: English, Scottish

Where did the Scottish Marshall family come from? What is the Scottish Marshall family crest and coat of arms? When did the Marshall family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Marshall family history?

The surname Marshall is a name of ancient Norman origin. It comes from the Old French "mareschal," which is in turn derived from the Germanic elements "marah," meaning "horse" and "scalc," or "servant." Thus the name was originally used for a person who tended horses. Around the same time that surnames were being formed, the marshall was one of the most important servants in the houses of the nobility.


Spelling variations of this family name include: Marshall, Marshal, Marescal, Marescall, Merchel, Mercial, Mershell, Mersell, Marshale and many more.

First found in Lothian, where the Clan is said to be descended from Robert, an early Chieftain of the Catti tribe, and possibly one of the earliest settlers in Scotland. Robert joined King Malcolm II at the battle of Panbridge, in 1006, against Camus, leader of the Danes. Robert slew Camus for which King Malcolm granted Robert the hereditary title of Marshall of Scotland, with a barony in Lothian and the island of Inskeith in the gulf of Edinburgh. It is for this title that the Keiths are sometimes known as the Marshalls, and many Clansmen adopted that name.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Marshall research. Another 679 words(48 lines of text) covering the years 1304, 1438, 1464, 1748, 1775, 1796, 1833, 1851, and 1855 are included under the topic Early Marshall History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Another 70 words(5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Marshall Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Some of the Marshall family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 116 words(8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.


Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Marshall Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century

  • Henry Marshall, who landed in America in 1620
  • Edward Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1621
  • Charle Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1623
  • Francis Marshall, who arrived in New England in 1634 aboard the "Christian"
  • Francis Marshall, aged 26, arrived in Barbados in 1635

Marshall Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century

  • Josias Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1701
  • Angell Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1702
  • Abraham Marshall, who landed in Virginia in 1709
  • Abraham Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1709
  • Angilo Marshall, who landed in Virginia in 1719

Marshall Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century

  • Betty Marshall, aged 19, arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1805
  • Joseph Marshall, who arrived in Ohio in 1812
  • Elizabeth Marshall, aged 39, arrived in Massachusetts in 1813
  • Gilbert Marshall, who landed in Washington County, Pennsylvania in 1818
  • Andrew Marshall, who landed in Charleston, South Carolina in 1826


  • Penny Marshall (b. 1943), American actress, producer and director, recipient of three Golden Globe award nominations
  • Garry Marshall (b. 1934), American actor, director, writer and producer
  • George Catlett Marshall (1880-1959), American General of the Army involved in both World Wars, receiving the Croix de Guerre during WWII, and director of the European Economic Recovery Program (the Marshall Plan) after World War II
  • EG Marshall (1914-1998), Emmy award-winning American actor
  • Paule Marshall (b. 1929), American author
  • Peter Marshall (1902-1949), American Presbyterian clergyman
  • Donyell Marshall (b. 1973), American NBA Basketball Player
  • James Howard Marshall II (1905-1995), Texas oil magnate
  • Thurgood Marshall (1908-1993), American jurist, first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Brigadier-General James Creel Marshall (1897-1977), American Assistant Chief of Staff, Services of Supply, South West Pacific Area (1943-1945)



  • Forebears and Descendants of an Early Houston Family by Maudie Marie Holt Marshall.
  • A History of the Marshall and Related Families by Wallace Marshall.
  • Marshall Pioneers and Their Descendants Across Canada and the United States by Joan Jowsey.

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Semper virescit virtus
Motto Translation: Virtue always flourishes.


Marshall Clan Badge
Marshall Clan Badge

Buy JPG Image

A clan is a social group made up of a number of distinct branch-families that actually descended from, or accepted themselves as descendants of, a common ancestor. The word clan means simply children. The idea of the clan as a community is necessarily based around this idea of heredity and is most often ruled according to a patriarchal structure. For instance, the clan chief represented the hereditary "parent" of the entire clan. The most prominent example of this form of society is the Scottish Clan system...


Septs of the Distinguished Name Marshall
Marescal, Marescall, Marshal, Marshale, Marshall, Merchel, Mercial, Mersel, Mersell, Mershel, Mershell and more.


Popular Family Crest Products
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  1. Prebble, John. The Highland Clearances. London: Secker & Warburg, 1963. Print.
  2. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  3. Moncrieffe, Sir Ian of That Ilk and David Hicks. The Highland Clans The Dynastic Origins, Cheifs and Background of the Clans. New York: C.N. Potter, 1968. Print.
  4. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
  5. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  6. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  7. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
  8. Urquhart, Blair Edition. Tartans The New Compact Study Guide and Identifier. Secauccus, NJ: Chartwell Books, 1994. Print. (ISBN 0-7858-0050-6).
  9. Innes, Thomas and Learney. Socts Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Modern Application of the Art of Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
  10. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  11. ...

The Marshall Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Marshall Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 3 September 2014 at 14:07.

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