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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Origins Available: Scottish-Alt, Scottish

Where did the Scottish Crawford family come from? What is the Scottish Crawford family crest and coat of arms? When did the Crawford family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Crawford family history?

The surname Crawford is a topographic surname, which was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree. Habitation names form the other broad category of surnames that were derived from place-names. They were derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. Other local names are derived from the names of houses, manors, estates, regions, and entire counties. As a general rule, the greater the distance between an individual and their homeland, the larger the territory they were named after. For example, a person who only moved to another parish would be known by the name of their original village, while people who migrated to a different country were often known by the name of a region or country from which they came. The name Crawford is derived from the Old English words "crawa," which means "crow," and "ford," which means "a river crossing," and indicates that the original bearer lived near a ford where crows nested.

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Spelling variations of this family name include: Crawford, Crawfurd, Craufurd, Crawferd, Crawfford, Crafford, Craford, Crafort, Crayford and many more.

First found in Lanarkshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Lannraig) a former county in the central Strathclyde region of Scotland, now divided into the Council Areas of North Lanarkshire, South Lanarkshire, and the City of Glasgow, where the family resided in this area as early as the 11th century when Alan, the youngest son of the 4th Earl of Richmond, received a large grant of lands from King William the Conqueror. When King David of Scotland moved north to assume the throne in 1130, some Crawfords accompanied him on his journey. Galfredus Crawford would gain lands in Clydesdale and his son, Sir Reginald, acquired the barony of Loudoun, from which a significant branch of the Campbells would develop. Later, Reginald de Crauford, John de Crauford and William de Crauford are all recorded as paying homage to Edward I in 1296.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crawford research. Another 211 words(15 lines of text) covering the years 1240, 1297, 1530, 1603, 1625, 1710, 1643 and are included under the topic Early Crawford History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 147 words(10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Crawford Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Crawford family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 99 words(7 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Crawford Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century


  • Ann Crawford, who settled in Augusta Co. Virginia in 1640
  • Stephen Crawford, who landed in Massachusetts in 1649
  • Donald Crawford, who landed in New Jersey in 1685

Crawford Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century


  • Tho Crawford, who arrived in Virginia in 1703
  • Aaron Crawford, who landed in New England in 1721
  • Ann Crawford, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1740
  • Samuel Crawford, who landed in Virginia in 1740
  • Margaret Crawford, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1740


Crawford Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century


  • Geo Crawford, aged 19, landed in New York, NY in 1804
  • Edwd Crawford, who landed in New York, NY in 1804
  • Josias Crawford, who arrived in America in 1805
  • Robt Crawford, who arrived in America in 1805
  • Robert Crawford, who landed in America in 1806


Crawford Settlers in the United States in the 20th Century


  • Duncan Crawford, who arrived in Arkansas in 1906

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  • Ralston Crawford (1906-1978), American (Canadian born) painter
  • Cynthia Anne "Cindy" Crawford (b. 1966), American fashion supermodel, the highest paid model according to Forbes in 1995
  • Thomas Crawford (1814-1857), American sculptor
  • Master Sergeant William J. Crawford (1918-2000), American Army soldier awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1943
  • Alexander Crawford (1842-1886), American Civil War sailor and Medal of Honor recipient
  • George W. Crawford (1798-1872), American politician, 38th Governor of Georgia (1843 to 1847)
  • Joan Crawford (1905-1977), born Lucille Fay LeSueur, American actress in film, television and theatre
  • Major-General Alden Rudyard Crawford (1900-1978), American Commanding General 12th Air Force (1949-1950)
  • Brigadier-General David McLean Crawford (1889-1963), American Air Defense Officer, Headquarters US Army Air Force (1941-1942)
  • George Douglas Crawford (1939-2002), Scottish politician and journalist

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  • Ancestors and Friends: A History and Genealogy by William Lusk Crawford.
  • Byram-Crawford and Allied Families Genealogy by Eunice Byram Roberts.
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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Tutem te robore reddam
Motto Translation: I will make thee safe by my strength

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Crawford Clan Badge
Crawford Clan Badge

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A clan is a social group made up of a number of distinct branch-families that actually descended from, or accepted themselves as descendants of, a common ancestor. The word clan means simply children. The idea of the clan as a community is necessarily based around this idea of heredity and is most often ruled according to a patriarchal structure. For instance, the clan chief represented the hereditary "parent" of the entire clan. The most prominent example of this form of society is the Scottish Clan system...

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Septs of the Distinguished Name Crawford
Crafard, Crafarde, Crafart, Crafarte, Crafeard, Crafearde, Crafeart, Craferd, Crafert, Craffard, Craffarde, Craffart, Craffarte, Craffeard, Craffearde, Craffeart, Crafferd, Craffert, Craffith, Craffithy, Crafford, Crafforde, Craffork, Crafforth, Crafforthe, Crafforthy, Crafith, Crafithy, Craford, Craforde, Crafork, Crafort, Craforth, Craforthe, Craforthy, Craufard, Craufarde, Craufart, Craufarte, Craufeard, Craufearde, Craufeart, Crauferd, Craufert, Craufith, Craufithy, Crauforde, Craufork, Crauforth, Crauforthe and more.

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Crawford Armorial History With Coat of Arms
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  1. Barrow, G.W.S Ed. Acts of Malcom IV 1153-65 Volume I Regesta Regum Scottorum 1153-1424. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1960. Print.
  2. Warner, Philip Warner. Famous Scottish Battles. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1996. Print. (ISBN 0-76070-004-4).
  3. Bain, Robert. The Clans and Tartans of Scotland. Glasgow & London: Collins, 1968. Print. (ISBN 000411117-6).
  4. Prebble, John. The Highland Clearances. London: Secker & Warburg, 1963. Print.
  5. Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3).
  6. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  7. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  8. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
  9. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  10. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  11. ...

The Crawford Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Crawford Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 2 April 2014 at 17:51.

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