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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Origins Available: Scottish-Alt, Scottish

Where did the Scottish Crawford family come from? What is the Scottish Crawford family crest and coat of arms? When did the Crawford family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Crawford family history?

The surname Crawford is a topographic surname, which was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree. Habitation names form the other broad category of surnames that were derived from place-names. They were derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. Other local names are derived from the names of houses, manors, estates, regions, and entire counties. As a general rule, the greater the distance between an individual and their homeland, the larger the territory they were named after. For example, a person who only moved to another parish would be known by the name of their original village, while people who migrated to a different country were often known by the name of a region or country from which they came. The name Crawford is derived from the Old English words "crawa," which means "crow," and "ford," which means "a river crossing," and indicates that the original bearer lived near a ford where crows nested.

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Spelling variations of this family name include: Crawford, Crawfurd, Craufurd, Crawferd, Crawfford, Crafford, Craford, Crafort, Crayford and many more.

First found in Lanarkshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Lannraig) a former county in the central Strathclyde region of Scotland, now divided into the Council Areas of North Lanarkshire, South Lanarkshire, and the City of Glasgow, where they held a family seat from very early times and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crawford research. Another 359 words(26 lines of text) covering the years 1130 and 1st are included under the topic Early Crawford History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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More information is included under the topic Early Crawford Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Crawford family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 99 words(7 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Crawford Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century


  • Ann Crawford, who settled in Augusta Co. Virginia in 1640
  • Stephen Crawford, who landed in Massachusetts in 1649
  • Donald Crawford, who landed in New Jersey in 1685

Crawford Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century


  • Tho Crawford, who arrived in Virginia in 1703
  • Aaron Crawford, who landed in New England in 1721
  • Ann Crawford, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1740
  • Samuel Crawford, who landed in Virginia in 1740
  • Margaret Crawford, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1740


Crawford Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century


  • Geo Crawford, aged 19, landed in New York, NY in 1804
  • Edwd Crawford, who landed in New York, NY in 1804
  • Josias Crawford, who arrived in America in 1805
  • Robt Crawford, who arrived in America in 1805
  • Robert Crawford, who landed in America in 1806


Crawford Settlers in the United States in the 20th Century


  • Duncan Crawford, who arrived in Arkansas in 1906

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  • Ralston Crawford (1906-1978), American (Canadian born) painter
  • Cynthia Anne "Cindy" Crawford (b. 1966), American fashion supermodel, the highest paid model according to Forbes in 1995
  • Thomas Crawford (1814-1857), American sculptor
  • Master Sergeant William J. Crawford (1918-2000), American Army soldier awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1943
  • Alexander Crawford (1842-1886), American Civil War sailor and Medal of Honor recipient
  • George W. Crawford (1798-1872), American politician, 38th Governor of Georgia (1843 to 1847)
  • Joan Crawford (1905-1977), born Lucille Fay LeSueur, American actress in film, television and theatre
  • Major-General Alden Rudyard Crawford (1900-1978), American Commanding General 12th Air Force (1949-1950)
  • Brigadier-General David McLean Crawford (1889-1963), American Air Defense Officer, Headquarters US Army Air Force (1941-1942)
  • George Douglas Crawford (1939-2002), Scottish politician and journalist

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  • Ancestors and Friends: A History and Genealogy by William Lusk Crawford.
  • Byram-Crawford and Allied Families Genealogy by Eunice Byram Roberts.
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Crawford Clan Badge
Crawford Clan Badge

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A clan is a social group made up of a number of distinct branch-families that actually descended from, or accepted themselves as descendants of, a common ancestor. The word clan means simply children. The idea of the clan as a community is necessarily based around this idea of heredity and is most often ruled according to a patriarchal structure. For instance, the clan chief represented the hereditary "parent" of the entire clan. The most prominent example of this form of society is the Scottish Clan system...

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Septs of the Distinguished Name Crawford
Crafard, Crafarde, Crafart, Crafarte, Crafeard, Crafearde, Crafeart, Craferd, Crafert, Craffard, Craffarde, Craffart, Craffarte, Craffeard, Craffearde, Craffeart, Crafferd, Craffert, Craffith, Craffithy, Crafford, Crafforde, Craffork, Crafforth, Crafforthe, Crafforthy, Crafith, Crafithy, Craford, Craforde, Crafork, Crafort, Craforth, Craforthe, Craforthy, Craufard, Craufarde, Craufart, Craufarte, Craufeard, Craufearde, Craufeart, Crauferd, Craufert, Craufith, Craufithy, Crauforde, Craufork, Crauforth, Crauforthe and more.

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  1. Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
  2. Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
  3. Dunkling, Leslie. Dictionary of Surnames. Toronto: Collins, 1998. Print. (ISBN 0004720598).
  4. Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
  5. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  6. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1790. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
  7. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
  8. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
  9. Foster, Joseph. Dictionary of Heraldry Feudal Coats of Arms and Pedigrees. London: Bracken Books, 1989. Print. (ISBN 1-85170-309-8).
  10. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
  11. ...

The Crawford Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Crawford Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 7 October 2014 at 15:31.

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