× Home
×

House of Names
Houseofnames > Knowledge Base > German Timeline through History
From Houseofnames.com

Facebook
Twitter
Pinterest

German Timeline through History


500-400 BC -Teutonic ancestors inhabit south Sweden and north Germany

200 BC -clash with Romans

9 BC -Roman occupation up to Elbe

200 BC -Franks (north of Rhine), Burgundians and Alemanni (south of Main, east of Rhine)

500 AD - Anglo-Saxons in England, Franks in Gaul, Burgundians in Rhone valley.
-Christianity embraced

800's AD -Louis I successor to Charlemagne-emperor of Carolingian empire.
-barbarian invasions, Danes, Magyars

911 AD -Carolingian rule ended, Conrad I.

982 AD Otto I emperor

1024 AD -Franconian dynasty, papal reforms, Henry IV against Pope Gregory VII
-civil war against Henry IV, 1076 to
-focus turned away from Germany toward Rome and Norman England

1125 AD -end of respect for blood right to throne -expansion and colonization, Silesia, Bohemia and Italy

1152 AD -Hohenstaufen emperors
-conflict with papacy

1215 AD -Frederick II secures crown from Otto IV
-anti-kings elected by Archbishops

1247 AD -William of Holland (anti-king)
-deterioration of central authority
-decline of Hohenstaufen power
1250 to -the Great Interregnum

1273 AD -Pope Gregory X wanted monarch sympathetic to Crusades
-Rudolf of Habsburg
-shift of powerr from Rhineland to East Germany -alternation of dynasties

1312 AD -Henry VII wanted restoration of Empire in Italy, made Holy Roman Emperor

1313 AD -Henry VII dies, civil war

1346 AD -Charles IV, Golden Bull-minimize areas of dispute in future elections and strengthen ties with electors

1350 AD -Bubonic Plague

1376 AD -Wenceslas, son of Charles IV made king
-monarchs losing control, ascension of princes
-cities VS princes

1410 AD -Sigismund elected
-problems; weak monarchy, princes VS cities conflict, increased lawlessness
-Husssite conrtoversy: Jan Hus, Prague-controversial teachings, excommunicated, burned at stake-martyrdom
-civil war in Bohemia
-Hussites invade Saxony, Thuringia and Franconia
-Sigismund makes concessions to Czechs

1437 AD -death of Sigismund

1486 AD -Maximillian I, Austrian heir
-movement among princes for constitutional reform lead by Berthold, Archbishop of Mainz
-end of middle ages, Feudal System becomes purely nominal, Crown has no real control over heads of States
-the Reformation: church weakened by Hussite movement and Renaissance thinking

1517 AD -Martin Luther-Wittenberg, contested doctrine of Catholic church
-national sentiment of antagonism toward papacy

1520 AD -Emperor Charles V crowned
-teachings of Luther banned

1522 AD -Peasant's War (Bauernkrieg)-uprising against grasping policy of princes and landowners
-rise of Protestantism

1555 AD -the Peace of Augsburg- between Protestants and Catholics

1576 AD -Rudolf II
-Catholics grow in strength, opposing Protestant and Catholic Leagues formed

1619 AD -Ferdinand II-emperor,Catholic
-revolt of Protestant nobles in Bohemia 1618, refuse to acknowledge Ferdinand II, start of 30 Years' War

1625 AD -war flares up in Germany, King Christian IV of Denmark VS Ferdinand II, Maximillian and Catholic League -Catholics successful

1630 AD -Gustavus of Sweden champions Protestant cause in Germany

1635 AD -movement for peace in Germany
- Spain on side of Catholics, France, Sweden-Protestants

1641 AD -Treaty of Westphalia
-France and Sweden gain territory, Switzerland and Holland recognized as independent nations
-great decrease in rural population due to 30 Years' War
-industry and commerce ruined by wars
-widespread poverty, national pride diminished

1663 AD -Reichstag founded-3 chambers:electoral princes, princes and cities
-French imperialism under Louis XIV

1672 AD -Leopold I sends troops to Rhine

1679 AD -peace of Nijmswegen with France

1681 AD -Strasbourg seized by France

1683 AD -Turks attack Austria from east

1699 AD -Peace of Carlowitz with Turks, Hungary restored to emperor

1733-35 AD -War of the Polish Succession, Lorraine restored to France

1741 AD -Frederick II of Prussia secured Silesia by 1742

1748 AD -Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle, tension between Austria and Prussia

1756 -The Seven Years' War: Frederick II against Austria, to France, Russia, Saxony and Sweden

1763 AD - Silesia maintained by Frederick

1792 AD -Austro-Prussian campaign against France, after French Revolution, left bank of Rhine to France 1801

1803 AD - Napoleon against England, Russia and Austria, won in 1805

1806 AD -Confederation of the Rhine founded by Napoleon: Bavaria, Wuerttemberg, Baden, Hesse-Darmstadt, Nassau and Berg, states independent for internal administration but to Napoleon's foreign policy old German empire completely disappeared

1812 AD - Napoleon defeated in Russia
-Frederick William of Prussia declares war on France

1814 AD - Napoleon opposed by whole of Europe, defeated
-empire split up

1834 AD -Zollverein founded, Germany formed an economic entity

1840 AD -Frederick William IV, conservative, tried to organize Prussia, 1847 summoned national parliament, first political parties formed

1848 AD -revolution: Liberals against old order
- Prussia becomes part of Germany
-Franfurt parliament
-industry

1854 AD -Crimean War, Germany neutral

1859 AD -German National Union (Deutscher Nationalverein) founded to establish German Federal State on basis of 1849 constitution

1862 AD -Bismarck, wanted unification of Germany under leadership of Prussia


This page was last modified on 6 January 2011 at 15:37.

2000-2018 Swyrich Corporation. See Terms of Use for details.
houseofnames.com is an internet property owned by Swyrich Corporation.

Suggested Reading


Anderson Armorial History with Coat of Arms

Anderson Armorial History with Coat of Arms
Our Rating: Stars
The most comprehensive study of the Coats of Arms and family history all in a presentation suitable for framing.

Anderson Surname History

Anderson Surname History
Our Rating: Stars
Over 20 years of research into the family history from the earliest records, showing spelling variations, early origins, notables, settlers and much more. Suitable for framing.

The Vikings: A History

The Vikings: A History
Our Rating: Stars
"A fascinating history of the Viking age and its complex culture and influence



Tools

E-Newsletters: