Since the 11th century CE, the Turkish language has been spoken in the Republic of Turkey. This venerable language is related to Mongolian and various Manch-Tungus languages, and is a member of the large Altaic language family.
Although the Turkish is known primarily as the national language of the Republic of Turkey, it is also spoken in northwestern Iran and several Central and Western Asian regions.
The primary ancestors of today's Turks are the Seljuk Turks who came to Asia Minor from Central Asia in the 11th century. However, since the area now known as Turkey was formerly occupied by Hittites, Persians, Celts, Romans, and Arabs, the cultural heritage of the Turks is extremely rich.
The majority of Turks are Muslims, but in 1928 a Latin alphabet replaced the Arabic when Ataturk, the national leader from 1923 to 1938, abolished Islamic law. Although the official script of Turkey has changed to Latin, Turkish still spoken.