Hindi names are composed in a language descended from that in which the Vedic scriptures were written, Sanskrit. Both are members of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.
Hindi is a rich and multi-faceted language for it denotes a group of dialects of which Hindustani is the principal member. Although Hindustani is written in the Devanagari script, it also has a variant of Urdu written in Arabic script that has been considerably influenced by Arabic and Persian vocabularies.
Hindi became the official language of the Republic of India in 1950. Since it is a North Indian language Dravidian-speaking residents at the south of the country protested its adoption as the official state language as it was only used by 30 percent of Indians. The government felt that a greater degree of standardization was needed for politics and commerce. This need for an official language may be demonstrated by the 1961 census' documentation of 1652 languages and dialects in India.