Parker History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Parker comes from one of the family having worked as a person who worked as the Parker, which was the individual who was the guardian of the park grounds. Some Parkers were employed by noblemen who held large estates that needed the grounds of the estate or castle maintained. [1]

Early Origins of the Parker family

The surname Parker was first found in Somerset where Anschetil Parcher was listed as holding lands in the Domesday Book of 1086. [2] One reputable source claims the name was "descended from Norman le Parcar or Forester, who held from Queen Matilda in 1083. He appears to be the same as Norman Venator of Salop 1086. From him descended Hugh Parcarius of Devon, 13th century." [3]

Another equally strong source claims that name to Thomas le Parker, temp. Edward III and the extinct Baronet family Parker of Ratton traced their lineage to the time of Edward I in Sussex. [4]

"The church [of Willingdon in Sussex], principally in the early English style, contains portions in the decorated and later styles, with a square tower, and some interesting monuments to the Parker family. Henry Parker, who was secretary to Cromwell, and author of various tracts on religion and politics, was born at Ratton, in the parish." [5]

The name quickly became widespread throughout Britain as see by one of the first rolls, the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 which lists: John Parcar in Dorset; Adam le Parker in Norfolk; and Peter le Parker in Yorkshire. [1]

"A family called Parker have been established for centuries in Lancashire. Browsholme Hall, near Clitheroe, was first built by Richard le Parker in 1380, and is still the family seat." [6]

Important Dates for the Parker family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Parker research. Another 251 words (18 lines of text) covering the years 1380, 1685, 1608, 1296, 1443, 1451, 1504, 1575, 1617, 1595, 1677, 1619, 1673, 1659, 1660, 1640, 1688, 1670, 1675, 1640, 1648, 1692, 1651, 1719, 1666, 1732, 1697, 1764, 1752, 1764, 1681, 1643, 1660, 1667 and 1679 are included under the topic Early Parker History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Parker Spelling Variations

Spelling variations in names were a common occurrence before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago. In the Middle Ages, even the literate spelled their names differently as the English language incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other European languages. Many variations of the name Parker have been found, including: Parker, Parkers, Parkeres, Parkere and others.

Early Notables of the Parker family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include Thomas Parker, High Sheriff of Herefordshire in 1443 and 1451; Matthew Parker (1504-1575), English prelate, Archbishop of Canterbury; William Parker (d. 1617), an English captain, privateer who sailed with Sir Francis Drake, Mayor of Plymouth; Thomas Parker (1595-1677) Calvinist minister, founder of Newbury, Massachusetts; George Parker (c 1619-1673), an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1659 and 1660; Samuel Parker (1640-1688), an English churchman, Archdeacon of...
Another 78 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Parker Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Parker family to Ireland

Some of the Parker family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 113 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Parker migration to the United States

Families began migrating abroad in enormous numbers because of the political and religious discontent in England. Often faced with persecution and starvation in England, the possibilities of the New World attracted many English people. Although the ocean trips took many lives, those who did get to North America were instrumental in building the necessary groundwork for what would become for new powerful nations. Among the first immigrants of the name Parker, or a variant listed above to cross the Atlantic and come to North America were :

Parker Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Nicholas Parker, his wife Ann, their daughter Mary and son Nicholas, who settled in Roxbury Massachussetts in 1633
  • Captain George Parker who settled in Boston in 1635
  • William Parker (1618-1686), who arrived at the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1635 aboard the ship Matthew, one of the founders of Hartford
  • Charles Parker, aged 18, who arrived in St Christopher in 1635 [7]
  • John Parker, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1635 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Parker Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Anne Parker, who landed in Virginia in 1701 [7]
  • Hellena Parker, who arrived in Virginia in 1701 [7]
  • Hannah Parker, who landed in Virginia in 1717 [7]
  • Alexander Parker, who landed in Virginia in 1730 [7]
  • Andrew Parker, who landed in America in 1798 [7]
Parker Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Hugh Parker, who arrived in New York, NY in 1811 [7]
  • Ezra Parker, who arrived in Maryland in 1811 [7]
  • Catherine Parker, who landed in New Jersey in 1811 [7]
  • James Parker, who landed in Texas in 1830 [7]
  • Dickinson Parker, who landed in Texas in 1835 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Parker migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Parker Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mrs. Ann Parker U.E. who settled in Belle Vue, Beaver Harbour, Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1783 [8]
  • Mr. Benjamin Parker U.E. who settled in Belle Vue, Beaver Harbour, Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1783 [8]
  • Ms. Elizabeth Parker U.E. who settled in Belle Vue, Beaver Harbour, Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1783 [8]
  • Mr. Ephraim Parker U.E. who settled in Belle Vue, Beaver Harbour, Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1783 [8]
  • Mr. John Parker U.E. who settled in Belle Vue, Beaver Harbour, Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1783 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Parker Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • John Parker, aged 24, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the brig "Ugoni" from Belfast, Ireland
  • John Parker, aged 29, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Salus" in 1833
  • Mary Parker, aged 30, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Salus" in 1833
  • Sarah Parker, aged 18, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Salus" in 1833
  • Charlotte Parker, aged 24, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Salus" in 1833
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Parker migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Parker Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Henry Parker, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Almorah" on April 1817, settling in New South Wales, Australia [9]
  • Henry Parker, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on September 3rd, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia [10]
  • John Parker, English convict from Sussex, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on April 1st, 1822, settling in New South Wales, Australia [11]
  • Edward Parker, English convict from Somerset, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on July 29th, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [12]
  • William Parker, English convict from Somerset, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on July 29th, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [12]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Parker migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Parker Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Samuel Parker, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Aurora" in 1840
  • William Parker, aged 23, a blacksmith, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Aurora" in 1840
  • William Parker, aged 32, a brickmaker, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "London" in 1840
  • Harriett Parker, aged 32, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "London" in 1840
  • Thomas Parker, aged 28, a farm labourer, who arrived in Port Nicholson aboard the ship "Gertrude" in 1841
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Parker (post 1700)

  • Robert Parker (1930-2020), American R&B singer and musician, best known for his 1966 hit, "Barefootin'"
  • Branford Parker, American director and writer, known for We the Roses (2016) and The Opera Game (2017)
  • Jeffrey Lee Parker (1964-2017), American professional ice hockey right winger for the Buffalo Sabres
  • Naomi Parker Fraley (1921-2018), American war worker and waitress from Tulsa, Oklahoma, believed to be the model for the iconic "We Can Do It!" poster in 1943 in which she was called "Rosie the Riveter"
  • Lizette Parker (1972-2016), American politician and social worker, Mayor of Teaneck, New Jersey (2014-2016)
  • Eugene Parker (1956-2016), American NFL sports agent of Deion Sanders, Emmitt Smith and many others, ranked 45 in the Sports Illustrated list of the top 101 most influential minorities in sports
  • Royal Parker (1929-2016), stage name of Royal Pollokoff, an American television personality
  • Jimmy Dale "Red" Parker (1931-2016), American head football coach at Arkansas A&M (1961-1965)
  • Everett Carlton Parker (1913-2015), American media activist and ordained minister of the United Church of Christ
  • Alison Parker (1991-2015), American reporter for CBS affiliate WDBJ-TV who was killed during an on air interview with her cameraman by a disgruntled former fellow employee
  • ... (Another 45 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Parker family

Empress of Ireland
  • Miss Thirza Parker (1866-1914), Canadian Third Class Passenger from Toronto, Ontario, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [13]
Halifax Explosion
  • Mr. Harry Weir  Parker, Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [14]
  • Mrs. Mae Evelyn  Parker (1889-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [14]
  • Mr. Harvey  Parker (1889-1917), Canadian resident from Owls Head, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [14]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Gordon Parker (b. 1918), English Steward serving for the Royal Navy from Workington, Cumberland, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [15]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Stanley Parker, British Leading Steward, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [16]
  • Mr. S Parker, British Painter, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [16]
  • Mr. Graham Parker, British Chaplain, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [16]
  • Mr. G Parker, British Ordnance Cook 1st Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [16]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Arthur Parker, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [17]
  • Mr. Charles George Parker, British Leading Stoker, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [17]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Ronald Thomas Parker (1916-1939), British Marine with the Royal Marine aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [18]
  • James Parker (d. 1939), British Marine with the Royal Marine aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [18]
  • Albert George Parker (1918-1939), British Able Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [18]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Clifford Richard Parker (d. 1912), aged 28, English Second Class passenger from Guernsey, Channel Islands who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [19]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. William Parker, American Seaman First Class working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he survived the sinking [20]

Citations

  1. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  3. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  4. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  5. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  6. ^ Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges, A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8)
  7. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  8. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  9. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Almorah voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1817 with 180 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/almorah/1817
  10. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1820 with 192 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1820
  11. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1822 with 190 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1822
  12. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1823 with 151 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1823
  13. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  14. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  15. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  16. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  17. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  18. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  19. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  20. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html
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