Garrard History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The Garrard name is an important part of the history of the ancient Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. Garrard is derived from the son of Gerard. The surname Garrard was originally derived from the Old German Gerhard which meant spear-brave. In Old English, patronyms were formed by adding a variety of suffixes to personal names, which changed over time and from place to place.
For example, after the Norman Conquest, sunu and sune, which meant son, were the most common patronymic suffixes. In the 12th and 13th centuries, the most common patronymic names included the word filius, which meant son. By the 14th century, the suffix son had replaced these earlier versions. Surnames that were formed with filius or son were more common in the north of England and it was here that the number of individuals without surnames was greatest at this time.
Early Origins of the Garrard family
The surname Garrard was first found in Lancashire where they held a family seat from very ancient times. The Gerrard family name, also spelled Gerard and Jarrard, is traced by historians to the grandson of Edward the Confessor (1004-1066). In England the name was first recorded in the Domesday Book in 1086.
Gerard (died 21 May 1108), was Lord Chancellor of England (1085-1092) appointed by William I, and later Archbishop of York (1100-1108.) He may have been with the king's hunting party when William II was killed, as he witnessed the first charter issued by the new king, Henry I of England, a few days later. Windle with Hardshaw in Lancashire was home to the family in later years.
"In the reign of Edward III., the manor was held under William Boteler by Peter de Burnhull, with whose heiress the Gerards acquired the property; and this latter family are the present lords. Windle Hall belongs to Sir John Gerard, Bart., at whose annual court lor the manor of Windle, officers are chosen for the township." 
Early History of the Garrard family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Garrard research. Another 127 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1177, 1545, 1611, 1593, 1559, 1581, 1564, 1618, 1622, 1613, 1640, 1634, 1667, 1587, 1670, 1617, 1680, 1641, 1660, 1618, 1683, 1660, 1687, 1661, 1685, 1659, 1701, 1689 and 1694 are included under the topic Early Garrard History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Garrard Spelling Variations
Before the last few hundred years, the English language had no fast system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations are commonly found in early Anglo-Saxon surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Garrard were recorded, including Gerrard, Gerard, Jarrard, Jared, Garrad, Garred, Jarratt, Jarrett and many more.
Early Notables of the Garrard family (pre 1700)
Notables of the family at this time include John Gerard (Gerarde) (1545-1611), an English botanist and herbalist, who maintained a large herbal garden in London, eponym of the botanical genus Gerardia; Sir Gilbert Gerard (died 1593), a prominent lawyer, politician, and landowner who served six times as a member of the English parliament, Attorney-General (1559) Master of the Rolls (1581); Sir Thomas Gerard, 1st Baron Gerard (ca. 1564-1618); Gilbert Gerard, 2nd Baron Gerard (d. 1622); Dutton Gerard, 3rd Baron Gerard (1613-1640); Charles Gerard, 4th Baron Gerard (1634-1667); Sir Gilbert Gerard, 1st Baronet of Harrow on...
Another 95 words (7 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Garrard Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Garrard migration to the United States +
To escape oppression and starvation at that time, many English families left for the "open frontiers" of the New World with all its perceived opportunities. In droves people migrated to the many British colonies, those in North America in particular, paying high rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Although many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, those who did see the shores of North America perceived great opportunities before them. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Research into various historical records revealed some of first members of the Garrard family emigrate to North America:
Garrard Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Edward Garrard, aged 26, who arrived in Barbados in 1635 
- Justinian Garrard, who landed in Virginia in 1650 
- Hen Garrard, who landed in Virginia in 1663 
- Henry Garrard, who arrived in Virginia in 1693 
Garrard Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- John H Garrard, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1822 
- William Garrard, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1827 
- John Garrard, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1833 
- Robert J Garrard, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1838 
- Seman H Garrard, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1838 
- ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Garrard migration to Australia +
Emigration to Australia
followed the First Fleets
of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:
Garrard Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- henry A. Garrard, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Caspar" in 1849 
- Edgar Garrard, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "John Munn" in 1849 
- M.A. Garrard, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "John Munn" in 1849 
- G. Garrard, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Navarino" in 1849 
Garrard migration to New Zealand +
Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:
Garrard Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Mr. George Garrard, (b. 1848), aged 26, English settler from Essex travelling from London aboard the ship "Sussex" arriving in Port Chalmers, Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 17th July 1874 
- Mrs. Eliza Garrard, (b. 1852), aged 22, English settler from Essex travelling from London aboard the ship "Sussex" arriving in Port Chalmers, Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 17th July 1874 
Contemporary Notables of the name Garrard (post 1700) +
- Robert Garrard, English businessman who in 1792 became a partner in what would later become Garrard & Co. Limited, designers and manufactures luxury jewellery and silver who was charged with the upkeep of the British Crown Jewels, from 1843 to 2007
- Theophilus Toulmin Garrard (1812-1902), American politician and Union general in the American Civil War
- Lewis Hector Garrard (1829-1887), American author
- Kenner Garrard (1827-1879), American brigadier general in the Union Army during the American Civil War
- James Garrard (1749-1822), American farmer, Baptist minister and politician, 2nd Governor of Kentucky (1796-1804)
- David Douglas Garrard (b. 1978), retired American NFL football quarterback who played for twelve seasons
- George Garrard (1760-1826), English animal painter and sculptor, born on 31 May 1760
- Thomas Garrard (1787-1859), English biographer, the eldest son of Thomas Garrard of Lambourne, Berkshire
- Charles R. Garrard (b. 1877), English managing director of the Garrard Co. who built Clément-Garrard motorised cycles from 1902 to 1905 in Birmingham
- Luke Garrard (b. 1985), English semi-professional footballer
- ... (Another 1 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Historic Events for the Garrard family +
- Mr. Eric Garrard, British Engine Room Artificer 5th Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking 
Related Stories +
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
- ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The CASPAR 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Caspar.htm
- ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) JOHN MUNN 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849JohnMunnPassengers.htm
- ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) NAVARINO 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Navarino.htm
- ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
- ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html