The Atlantic Ocean to the north and west and the English Channel to the south borders Cornwall
, the homeland to the Tregenwell family name. Even though the usage of surnames was common during the Middle Ages, all English people were known only by a single name in early times. The manner in which hereditary surnames
arose is interesting. Local
surnames are derived from where the original bearer lived, was born, or held land. The Tregenwell family originally lived in Cornwall
at the manors of Tregonwell
Early Origins of the Tregenwell family
The surname Tregenwell was first found in Cornwall
, at Tregonwell, in the parish of Cranstock. where they were Lords of the manor of Tregonwell and Bellarmine. Local
records say "they builded many places" and possessed "many lands and manors before the Norman Conquest." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Early History of the Tregenwell family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Tregenwell research.Another 181 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1529, 1604, 1615, 1627, 1622, 1752, 1632, 1682, 1659, 1660, 1679, 1622 and 1565 are included under the topic Early Tregenwell History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Tregenwell Spelling Variations
Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England
, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations
often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall
and the rest of England
. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic
language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Tregonwell, Tregenwell and others.
Early Notables of the Tregenwell family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family at this time was Doctor Tregonwell of Cornwall; John Tregonwell was one of the benefactors of Milton Abbey, Dorset
in the 14th century; and John Tregonwell (1632-1682), an English politician, Member of Parliament for Corfe Castle... Another 39 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Tregenwell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Tregenwell family to Ireland
Some of the Tregenwell family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 156 words (11 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Tregenwell family to the New World and Oceana
Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Tregenwell or a variant listed above: M. Tregonwel arrived in America in 1760.
The Tregenwell Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Nosce teipsum
Motto Translation: Know thyself.