Tranchearde is one of the thousands of new names that the Norman Conquest
brought to England
in 1066. It is a name for a soldier.
Looking back even further, we found the name was originally derived from the Old French word trenchire,
meaning a swordsman, soldier, or man of war.
Early Origins of the Tranchearde family
The surname Tranchearde was first found in Dorset
where they were granted the lands of Hordhill in the Isle of Wight by Baldwin de Ripariis to Paganus Trenchard and his heirs about 1100 A.D. The grandsons of Paganus, Robert, Alexander and Hugh Trenchard, witnessed the deed.
Early History of the Tranchearde family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Tranchearde research.Another 265 words (19 lines of text) covering the years 1509, 1588, 1586, 1662, 1621, 1625, 1582, 1657, 1613, 1640 and 1695 are included under the topic Early Tranchearde History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Tranchearde Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. When the Normans
became the ruling people of England
in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Trenchard, Trancherd, Trencher, Trenchar and others.
Early Notables of the Tranchearde family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Paganus Trenchard of Hordhill; John Trenchard (1586-1662), an English politician who sat in the House of Commons, Member of Parliament for... Another 29 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Tranchearde Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Tranchearde family to the New World and Oceana
For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England
. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Tranchearde or a variant listed above were: Symon Trencherd, who settled in Virginia in 1637. Attorney General George Trenchard of New Jersey settled there in 1686; he was from Somerset
, he was succeeded by Edward Trenchard of New York City. In Newfoundland, Benjamin Trencher was a blacksmith of Lower Island Cove in 1838.
The Tranchearde Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Nosce Teipsum
Motto Translation: Know thyself.