The ancient history of the Tounlay name begins with the ancient Anglo-Saxon
tribes of Britain. The name is derived from when the family resided in the settlement of Towneley in the county of Lancashire
, or by any clearing in which a farm was situated. The surname Tounlay thus belongs to both the category of habitation
names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads, and class of topographic
surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees.
Early Origins of the Tounlay family
The surname Tounlay was first found in Lancashire
where they were descended from Spartlingus, the first Dean of Whalley about 896 A.D. Descended was Liwlphus, Cudwlphus, Henricus the great Baron
of Whalley. He was followed by Robertus, Geoffrey who married the daughter of Roger de Lacy, Constable of Cheshire
in 1193. "An estate in Lancashire
, which belonged to this ancient and distinguished family, whose pedigree is said to be traced to the time of King Alfred, and to Spartlingus, first Dean of Whalley, who flourished about the year 896. The line of this personage terminated with an heiress, Cecilia of Towneley, in the XIV. century, who married John del Legh, and conveyed the estate to his family. He died in or about 1330, and his great-grandson resumed the ancient surname of Towneley. John del Legh was a cadet of the great Cheshire
family of that name. Towneley Hall is still the seat of this race, who may well challenge comparison in point of venerable antiquity with any family in England." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Early History of the Tounlay family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Tounlay research.Another 120 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1375, 1376, 1377, 1531, 1737, 1760, 1600, 1644, 1629, 1707, 1711, 1683, 1686 and 1692 are included under the topic Early Tounlay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Tounlay Spelling Variations
Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon
surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. Changes in Anglo-Saxon
names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Tounlay include Townley, Towneley and others.
Early Notables of the Tounlay family (pre 1700)
Notables of the family at this time include Charles Towneley (1600-1644); and his son, Richard Towneley (1629-1707), an English mathematician and astronomer from Towneley near Burnley, Lancashire
who first postulated a theory that Robert Boyle... Another 34 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Tounlay Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Tounlay family to Ireland
Some of the Tounlay family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 34 words (2 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Tounlay family to the New World and Oceana
Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Tounlay or a variant listed above: Henry and Margaret Townley settled in Maryland in 1721; Mary Townley settled in New England
in 1756; Patrick and William Townley arrived in Philadelphia in 1834..
The Tounlay Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Tenez le vraye
Motto Translation: Keep or speak the truth.