Origins Available: English, German
Norman Conquest of England of 1066 brought the Thurnerus family name to the British Isles. Thurnerus is a name for a lathe worker. The surname Thurnerus was originally derived from the Old French verb tourneour, meaning to turn on a lathe. Such a craftsman would have fashioned basically cylindrical objects out of wood, metal, and bone. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Early Origins of the Thurnerus family
Oxfordshire in midland England but was found throughout England. "It is well represented in the midlands, especially in Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire, and Staffordshire, and is also numerous in Lancashire." CITATION[CLOSE]
Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print. Mark Antony Lower in his source Patronymica Britannica suggests that the name is all "out of all proportion, to the number of persons engaged in the trade" of the lathe. He argues that the family may have first appeared before the Conquest in a grant to the monastery of Croyland, in 1051, being signed, among others, by a Turnerus Capellanus. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print. Moreover, the family was also quite numerous in Scotland from early times.
The Hundredorum Rolls list: Aylbricht le Turnur in London in 1271; Geoffrey le Turner in Cambridgeshire; and William le Tumor in Oxfordshire. The latter two listings were probably made in 1273. The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 list Johannes Tumour, turnour. Ironically there are very few listings in the early rolls of the trade. Calendarium Rotulorum Originalium listed William le Tournour and Kirby's Quest listed Henry le Tornour in Somerset during the first year of Edward III reign. CITATION[CLOSE]
In Scotland, "a family of this name had possession of the estate of Ardwall in the parish of New Abbey for many generations." CITATION[CLOSE]
Early History of the Thurnerus family
Another 373 words (27 lines of text) covering the years 1180, 1191, 1300, 1500, 1600, 1700, 1585, 1677, 1591, 1672, 1617, 1676, 1707, 1607, 1675, 1638, 1700, 1645, 1714, 1688, 1714, 1615, 1693, 1662, 1663, 1668, 1669, 1623, 1691, 1735 and are included under the topic Early Thurnerus History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Thurnerus Spelling Variations
spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Turner, Turnerus, Turnor, Turnour, Turnoure and many more.
Early Notables of the Thurnerus family (pre 1700)
Another 108 words (8 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Thurnerus Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Thurnerus family to Ireland
Some of the Thurnerus family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 101 words (7 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Thurnerus family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Thurnerus or a variant listed above: William Turner who settled in Maine in 1607 thirteen years before the "Mayflower"; Henry Turner, who settled in Virginia in 1615; Robert Turner, who was on record in Virginia in 1619.
Thurnerus Family Crest Products