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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2015

Where did the German Strauss family come from? What is the German Strauss family crest and coat of arms? When did the Strauss family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Strauss family history?

The German state of Prussia, which reached the zenith of its power in the late 19th century, is the glorious birthplace of the distinguished surname Strauss. In the medieval era, after the fall of the Roman Empire, the German lands were inhabited by a variety of Barbarian tribes. The borders of the Barbarian kingdoms changed frequently, but the region that became known in Prussia was roughly divided between the areas of Brandenburg-Prussia, West Prussia, and East Prussia. The colorful history of Brandenburg-Prussia, which is essentially the birthplace of modern Germany, provides a glimpse at the oldest origins of the Strauss family.


One can encounter great variation in the spelling of surnames: in early times, spelling in general, and thus the spelling of names was not yet standardized; and later, spellings would change with branching and movement of families. Variations of the name Strauss include Strauss, Straus, Strous, Strouss, Strus, Struss, Straessle, Struessgen, Striuss, Strius and many more.

First found in the Altmark region, where the family emerged in mediaeval times as one of the notable families of the region. One source suggests that the earliest origin of the name was in fact the Principality of Cologne; but other chronicles suggest the true origin to be the ancient province of Altmark, later the duchy of Brunswick. From the 13th century on the surname was identified with the great social and economic evolution which made these territories landmark contributors to the building of the nation.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Strauss research. Another 278 words (20 lines of text) covering the years 1337, 1575, 1580, 1749, 1789, 1790, 1804, 1825, 1827, 1835, 1849, 1870, and 1899 are included under the topic Early Strauss History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Another 97 words (7 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Strauss Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


The state of Prussia was a great influence on the shape of modern Germany. After the Second World War, Prussia's land was divided among the Soviet Union, Poland, East Germany and West Germany and the state was abolished. Some Prussians remained in those countries after the war, while many others migrated to North America in search of a new start. Philadelphia was their primary point of entry to the United States, after which many of them moved on to Ohio, Texas, Illinois, California, New York, and Maryland. A large number of Prussians also migrated to Ontario and the prairie provinces as United Empire Loyalists. Analysis of immigration records has shown some of the first Strausss to arrive in North America, and among them were:

Strauss Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Albrecht Strauss, who came to Philadelphia in 1732
  • Albrecht Strauss, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1732
  • Johan Georg Strauss, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1752
  • Nicolaus Strauss, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1752
  • Anna Eva Strauss, who arrived in America in 1753

Strauss Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Heinemann Strauss, who arrived in North America in 1832-1849
  • Georg Andreas Strauss, who landed in Texas in 1840-1850
  • Maurice Strauss, who arrived in Charleston, South Carolina in 1844
  • Caroline Strauss, who arrived in Texas in 1845
  • Moses Strauss, aged 29, landed in New York, NY in 1848

Strauss Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • Alexander Strauss, who arrived in Arkansas in 1900
  • Ben Strauss, who landed in Arkansas in 1901

Strauss Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • C M Strauss landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1842


  • Joseph Baermann Strauss (1870-1938), German-American structural engineer and designer of the Golden Gate Bridge in California
  • James Dean Strauss (b. 1929), American theologian who was professor of theology
  • Robert Schwarz Strauss (1918-2014), American diplomat, Ambassador to Russia (1991-1992), recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Lewis Lichtenstein Strauss (1896-1974), American businessman, philanthropist, public official, and naval officer, a major figure in the development of nuclear weapons and nuclear power, recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Franz Joseph Strauss (1915-1988), Bavarian Prime Minister (1978-1989) before becoming Germany's defense minister
  • Richard Strauss (1864-1949), one of the most important and influential composers of the early 20th century
  • David Friedrich Strauss (1808-1874), German theological writer
  • Admiral Joseph Strauss (1861-1948), American officer of the United States Navy who served in World War I, and later commanded the Asiatic Fleet, eponym of the USS Joseph Strauss (DDG-16) and the USS Straus (DE-408)
  • Johann Strauss (1804-1849), Austrian prolific composer famous for his waltzes, perhaps best known for his Radetzky March
  • Mr. Julius Strauss (d. 1915), Canadian 1st Class Passenger from Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking



  • The Waltz Emperors: the Life and Times and Music of the Strauss Family by Joseph Wechsberg.

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  1. Rupp, Daniel L. A Collection of Upwards of Thirty Thousand Names of German, Swiss, Dutch, French and Other Immigrants to Pennsylvania from 1727 to 1776. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 2000. Print. (ISBN 978-0806303024).
  2. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
  3. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  4. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
  5. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  6. Brechenmacher, Josef Karlmann. Deutches Namenbuch. Stuttgart: Verlag von Adolf Bonz & Comp, 1928. Print.
  7. Strassburger, Ralph B. German Pioneers The Original Lists of Arrivals in the Port of Philadelphia 3 Volumes. Baltimore: Picton Press, 1992. Print. (ISBN 978-0929539980).
  8. Zoder, Rudolf. Familiennamen in Ostfalen. Hildesheim: Geog Olms Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1968. Print.
  9. Bahlow, Hans. Abhandlungen zur Namenforschung und Buchgeschichte. 1980. Print. (ISBN 978-3768690522).
  10. Hildenbrand, A.M. Wappenfibel. Handbuch der Heraldik. Neustadt an der Aisch: 1970. Print.
  11. ...

The Strauss Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Strauss Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 22 November 2015 at 11:53.

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