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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


The German state of Prussia, which reached the zenith of its power in the late 19th century, is the glorious birthplace of the distinguished surname Strauss. In the medieval era, after the fall of the Roman Empire, the German lands were inhabited by a variety of Barbarian tribes. The borders of the Barbarian kingdoms changed frequently, but the region that became known in Prussia was roughly divided between the areas of Brandenburg-Prussia, West Prussia, and East Prussia. The colorful history of Brandenburg-Prussia, which is essentially the birthplace of modern Germany, provides a glimpse at the oldest origins of the Strauss family.

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One can encounter great variation in the spelling of surnames: in early times, spelling in general, and thus the spelling of names was not yet standardized; and later, spellings would change with branching and movement of families. Variations of the name Strauss include Strauss, Straus, Strous, Strouss, Strus, Struss, Straessle, Struessgen, Striuss, Strius and many more.

First found in the Altmark region, where the family emerged in mediaeval times as one of the notable families of the region. One source suggests that the earliest origin of the name was in fact the Principality of Cologne; but other chronicles suggest the true origin to be the ancient province of Altmark, later the duchy of Brunswick. From the 13th century on the surname was identified with the great social and economic evolution which made these territories landmark contributors to the building of the nation.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Strauss research. Another 278 words (20 lines of text) covering the years 1337, 1575, 1580, 1749, 1789, 1790, 1804, 1825, 1827, 1835, 1849, 1870, and 1899 are included under the topic Early Strauss History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 97 words (7 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Strauss Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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The state of Prussia was a great influence on the shape of modern Germany. After the Second World War, Prussia's land was divided among the Soviet Union, Poland, East Germany and West Germany and the state was abolished. Some Prussians remained in those countries after the war, while many others migrated to North America in search of a new start. Philadelphia was their primary point of entry to the United States, after which many of them moved on to Ohio, Texas, Illinois, California, New York, and Maryland. A large number of Prussians also migrated to Ontario and the prairie provinces as United Empire Loyalists. Analysis of immigration records has shown some of the first Strausss to arrive in North America, and among them were:

Strauss Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • Albrecht Strauss, who came to Philadelphia in 1732
  • Albrecht Strauss, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1732
  • Johan Georg Strauss, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1752
  • Nicolaus Strauss, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1752
  • Anna Eva Strauss, who arrived in America in 1753


Strauss Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • Heinemann Strauss, who arrived in North America in 1832-1849
  • Georg Andreas Strauss, who landed in Texas in 1840-1850
  • Maurice Strauss, who arrived in Charleston, South Carolina in 1844
  • Caroline Strauss, who arrived in Texas in 1845
  • Moses Strauss, aged 29, landed in New York, NY in 1848


Strauss Settlers in United States in the 20th Century


  • Alexander Strauss, who arrived in Arkansas in 1900
  • Ben Strauss, who landed in Arkansas in 1901

Strauss Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century


  • C M Strauss landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1842

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  • Joseph Baermann Strauss (1870-1938), German-American structural engineer and designer of the Golden Gate Bridge in California
  • James Dean Strauss (b. 1929), American theologian who was professor of theology
  • Robert Schwarz Strauss (1918-2014), American diplomat, Ambassador to Russia (1991-1992), recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Lewis Lichtenstein Strauss (1896-1974), American businessman, philanthropist, public official, and naval officer, a major figure in the development of nuclear weapons and nuclear power, recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Henry Strauss, American politician, Mayor of Alexandria, Virginia, 1891-97
  • Henry L. Strauss, American Democrat politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from Colorado 6th District, 1998; Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Colorado, 2000
  • Herman Strauss, American politician, Candidate for New York State Assembly from Queens County 3rd District, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923
  • Isaac Strauss, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Indiana, 1904
  • Joseph L. Strauss, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from West Virginia, 2012
  • Lawrence Steven Strauss (b. 1966), American Democrat politician, Candidate for Governor of California, 2003

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  • The Waltz Emperors: the Life and Times and Music of the Strauss Family by Joseph Wechsberg.
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  1. Brechenmacher, Josef Karlmann. Deutches Namenbuch. Stuttgart: Verlag von Adolf Bonz & Comp, 1928. Print.
  2. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
  3. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  4. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  5. Tarneller, Josef. Zur Namenkunde Tirolen Familiennamen. Bozen: Buchhandlung, 1923. Print.
  6. Bahlow, Hans. Abhandlungen zur Namenforschung und Buchgeschichte. 1980. Print. (ISBN 978-3768690522).
  7. Fogleman, Aaron Spencer. Hopeful Journeys German Immigration, Settlement, and Political Culture in Colonial America 1717-1775. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1986. Print. (ISBN 978-0812215489).
  8. Garland, Mary and Henry Garland Editions. Oxford Companion To German Literature 3rd Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997. Print. (ISBN 0198158963).
  9. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
  10. Kneschke, Dr. Ernest Heinrich. Neues allgemeines Deutsches Adels-Lexicon 9 Volumes New General German Aristocracy Lexicon. Leipzig: Friedrich Voigt, 1859. Print.
  11. ...

The Strauss Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Strauss Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 10 December 2015 at 10:51.

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