England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. The name Stjeen comes from the saint bearing the ancient given name John. It is possible that individual cases may derive from the original bearer's residence in one of several places called St. Jean in Normandy that take their names from the same source. Stjeen is a classic example of an English polygenetic surname, which is a surname that was developed in a number of different locations and adopted by various families independently.
Early Origins of the Stjeen family
Oxfordshire where the family claim descent "from the great Domesday Baron Adam de Port, [who] took the name St John in the XII century on his marriage with the heiress of the powerful Norman family, so called." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print. Stanton St. John in the union of Headington in Oxfordshire was home to the family. "This place takes the adjunct to its name from the family of St. John, who held the manor in the reign of Edward III." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Another branch of the family was found at Warnford in Southampton. "The manor, in the reign of William I., belonged to Hugh de Port, whose descendant, William, assumed the name of his maternal grandmother, St. John: the old manor-house, near the church, is now a ruin called King John's, by corruption of the family name." CITATION[CLOSE]
In the 17th century, "the family of St. John had a venerable mansion [in Battersea, Surrey], which was the favourite resort of Pope, who, when visiting his friend Lord Bolingbroke, usually selected as his study, in which he is said to have composed some of his celebrated works, a parlour wainscoted with cedar, overlooking the Thames." CITATION[CLOSE]
Another branch of the family was found at Liddiard-Tregooze in Wiltshire. "This place has from the time of the Conquest been the property of the family of St. John, whose mansion and park are near the church." CITATION[CLOSE]
Early History of the Stjeen family
Another 335 words (24 lines of text) covering the years 1096, 1085, 1582, 1596, 1540, 1618, 1598, 1673, 1640, 1653, 1634, 1711, 1663, 1685, 1678, 1751, 1749 and 1714 are included under the topic Early Stjeen History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Stjeen Spelling Variations
spelling variations are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents. The name has been spelled St. John, St. Jean, Singen and others.
Early Notables of the Stjeen family (pre 1700)
Baron St John of Bletso (died 1582), an English peer, High Sheriff of Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire; John St John, 2nd Baron St John of Bletso (d. 1596); Oliver St John, 3rd Baron St John of Bletso (c...
Another 113 words (8 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Stjeen Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Stjeen family to Ireland
Some of the Stjeen family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 47 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Stjeen family to the New World and Oceana
To escape the political and religious persecution within England at the time, many English families left for the various British colonies abroad. The voyage was extremely difficult, though, and the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving. But for those who made it, the trip was most often worth it. Many of the families who arrived went on to make valuable contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Stjeen or a variant listed above: Alpheus Spencer St. John who settled in Canada in 1835; John St. John who settled in Virginia in 1654; Thomas St. John who settled in Philadelphia in 1820.
The Stjeen Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Data fata secutus
Motto Translation: Following my destiny.
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