Stirklen is a name that was brought to England
by the ancestors of the Stirklen family when they migrated to the region after the Norman Conquest
in 1066. The Stirklen family lived in Westmorland
, at Stirkland.
Early Origins of the Stirklen family
The surname Stirklen was first found in Westmorland
at Great Strickland or Little Strickland which dates back to the 12th century when it was named Stircland. The name is derived from the Old English words "stirc" + "land" and meant "cultivated land where young bullocks are kept." CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
Strickland-Ketel and Strickland-Roger were located in the same county. "Descended from Walter de Stirkland, Knight, so called from the pasture-ground of the young cattle, called stirks or steers, in the parish of Morland, in this county; who was living in the reign of Henry III." CITATION[CLOSE]
Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
However, some of the family branched to Wintringham in East Riding of Yorkshire
in early times. "This parish is situated on the river Derwent, and comprises 8480 acres, of which 5740 are in the township, and, with the exception of the large farm of Linton, exclusively the property of Sir George Strickland, Bart., who is lord of the manor. The living is a donative, in the patronage of Sir George Strickland: the church is in the early English style, with a square embattled tower surmounted by a tall and graceful spire." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Stirklen family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Stirklen research.Another 245 words (18 lines of text) covering the years 1066, 1200, 1400, 1415, 1600, 1671, 1621, 1694, 1419, 1400, 1419, 1598, 1596, 1673, 1665, 1724, 1686, 1735, 1640, 1717, 1685 and 1689 are included under the topic Early Stirklen History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Stirklen Spelling Variations
Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England
, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Strickland, Stirkland, Stickland and others.
Early Notables of the Stirklen family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Sir Walter Strickland of Sizergh Hall; Sir Robert Strickland of Sizergh (1600-1671), an English Member of Parliament for Westmorland; Sir Thomas Strickland of Sizergh (1621-1694), supporter of the Royalist cause in the English Civil War; William Strickland (died 1419), an English priest, Bishop... Another 80 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Stirklen Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Stirklen family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Stirklen or a variant listed above: Henry Strickland, who settled in Virginia in 1670; along with Joseph; Henry Strickland, who settled in New Jersey in 1769; Hugh Strickland, who settled in Wilmington, Del. in 1789.
The Stirklen Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Sans mal
Motto Translation: Without evil.