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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


The illustrious surname Scawynd finds its origin in the rocky, sea swept coastal area of southwestern England known as Cornwall. Although surnames were fairly widespread in medieval England, people were originally known only by a single name. The process by which hereditary surnames were adopted is extremely interesting. As populations grew, people began to assume an extra name to avoid confusion and to further identify themselves. Under the Feudal System of government, surnames evolved and they often reflected life on the manor and in the field. Lords and their tenants often became known by the name of the feudal territory they owned or lived on. Unlike most Celtic peoples, who favored patronymic names, the Cornish predominantly used local surnames. This was due to the heavy political and cultural influence of the English upon the Cornish People at the time that surnames first came into use. Local surnames were derived from where a person lived, held land, or was born. While many Cornish surnames of this sort appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames derived from lost or unrecorded place names. The name Scawynd is a local type of surname and the Scawynd family lived in Cornwall. The name, however, is derived from the Old German word scouwon, meaning to look, and indicates that the original bearer lived near a lookout point such as a hill or cliff.

Scawynd Early Origins



The surname Scawynd was first found in Cornwall where they were Lords of the Manor of Melenick in that shire and held a family seat, some say, before the Norman Conquest in the year 1066.

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Scawynd Spelling Variations


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Scawynd Spelling Variations



Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Scawen, Scawan, Scawell and others.

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Scawynd Early History


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Scawynd Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Scawynd research. Another 343 words (24 lines of text) covering the years 1250, 1801, 1595, 1600, 1689, 1640, 1602, 1670, 1644 and 1722 are included under the topic Early Scawynd History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Scawynd Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Scawynd Early Notables (pre 1700)



Notable amongst the family at this time was Sir Thomas Scawen of Cashalton; William Scawen (1600-1689), English politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1640 and fought for the Royalist cause in the English Civil War, he was one of the pioneers in...

Another 44 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Scawynd Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



An examination into the immigration and passenger lists has discovered a number of people bearing the name Scawynd: Richard Scawell, who arrived in Barbados in 1680 with his servants; as well as Charles Scawen, who arrived in New England in 1765.

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Scawynd Family Crest Products


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Scawynd Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
    2. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
    3. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
    4. Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
    5. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    6. Fairbairn. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
    7. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
    8. Innes, Thomas and Learney. The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland 1st Edition. Edinburgh: W & A. K. Johnston Limited, 1938. Print.
    9. Crispin, M. Jackson and Leonce Mary. Falaise Roll Recording Prominent Companions of William Duke of Normandy at the Conquest of England. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    10. Sanders, Joanne McRee Edition. English Settlers in Barbados 1637-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    11. ...

    The Scawynd Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Scawynd Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 28 November 2013 at 11:22.

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